Reference : COMBINING GEOLOGY, GEOMORPHOLOGY AND GEOTECHNICAL DATA FOR A SAFER URBAN EXTENSION: A...
Scientific journals : Article
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Earth sciences & physical geography
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/223184
COMBINING GEOLOGY, GEOMORPHOLOGY AND GEOTECHNICAL DATA FOR A SAFER URBAN EXTENSION: APPLICATION TO THE ANTANANARIVO CAPITAL CITY (MADAGASCAR)
English
ANDRIAMAMONJISOA, Solofo Nirina mailto [> >]
Hubert, Aurelia mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de géographie > Géomorphologie et Géologie du Quaternaire >]
2018
Journal of African Earth Sciences
Elsevier
Yes (verified by ORBi)
1464-343X
United Kingdom
[en] geotechnical underground data ; GIS technics ; soil bearing capacity ; urban development planning
[en] Metropolitan and suburban areas in Africa are rapidly expanding with, in general, a poor safe
urban management. Urban development in zones not suitable for construction leads to
significant economic loss. The aggregate building damage combined with other environmental
treats like drought, flooding or landsliding are enhancing African city vulnerability. Simple
cartographic products made available to the general public could facilitate the first stage of
planning and management considering parameters that affect building foundation. We combine
here in ARCGIS geological, geomorphological and geotechnical data to provide such a
framework focusing on the capital city of Antananarivo in Madagascar. The city was initially
constructed on basement hills covered with a thick loose weathered layer and is expanding into
the alluvial lowland watered by the Ikopa River. About 221 boreholes with pressumeters and
laboratory data provide a picture of the underground characteristics, and allow the computation
of the soil bearing capacity, the key parameter we used to assess building suitability. Lithology,
slope, land-use and ground water level are combine to build a first geotechnical map that is
completed using a mapping of the soil bearing capacity combined with land-use and
geohydrological constraints. The geotechnical maps divide the city into zones with different
constructive conditions that can be use as a first tool for urban development planning.
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/223184

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