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Doctoral thesis (Dissertations and theses)
Towards a system of concepts for Family Medicine. Multilingual indexing in General Practice/ Family Medicine in the era of Semantic Web
Jamoulle, Marc 
2017
 

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Keywords :
general practice; classification; terminology; ontologies; semantic web; abstract as topic; ICPC; Q-Codes; 3CGP
Abstract :
[en] UNIVERSITY OF LIÈGE, BELGIUM Executive Summary Faculty of Medicine Département Universitaire de Médecine Générale. Unité de recherche Soins Primaires et Santé Doctor in biomedical sciences Towards a system of concepts for Family Medicine. Multilingual indexing in General Practice/ Family Medicine in the era of SemanticWeb by Dr. Marc JAMOULLE Introduction This thesis is about giving visibility to the often overlooked work of family physicians and consequently, is about grey literature in General Practice and Family Medicine (GP/FM). It often seems that conference organizers do not think of GP/FM as a knowledge-producing discipline that deserves active dissemination. A conference is organized, but not much is done with the knowledge shared at these meetings. In turn, the knowledge cannot be reused or reapplied. This these is also about indexing. To find knowledge back, indexing is mandatory. We must prepare tools that will automatically index the thousands of abstracts that family doctors produce each year in various languages. And finally this work is about semantics1. It is an introduction to health terminologies, ontologies, semantic data, and linked open data. All are expressions of the next step: Semantic Web for health care data. Concepts, units of thought expressed by terms, will be our target and must have the ability to be expressed in multiple languages. In turn, three areas of knowledge are at stake in this study: (i) Family Medicine as a pillar of primary health care, (ii) computational linguistics, and (iii) health information systems. Aim • To identify knowledge produced by General practitioners (GPs) by improving annotation of grey literature in Primary Health Care • To propose an experimental indexing system, acting as draft for a standardized table of content of GP/GM • To improve the searchability of repositories for grey literature in GP/GM. 1For specific terms, see the Glossary page 257 x Methods The first step aimed to design the taxonomy by identifying relevant concepts in a compiled corpus of GP/FM texts. We have studied the concepts identified in nearly two thousand communications of GPs during conferences. The relevant concepts belong to the fields that are focusing on GP/FM activities (e.g. teaching, ethics, management or environmental hazard issues). The second step was the development of an on-line, multilingual, terminological resource for each category of the resulting taxonomy, named Q-Codes. We have designed this terminology in the form of a lightweight ontology, accessible on-line for readers and ready for use by computers of the semantic web. It is also fit for the Linked Open Data universe. Results We propose 182 Q-Codes in an on-line multilingual database (10 languages) (www.hetop.eu/Q) acting each as a filter for Medline. Q-Codes are also available under the form of Unique Resource Identifiers (URIs) and are exportable in Web Ontology Language (OWL). The International Classification of Primary Care (ICPC) is linked to Q-Codes in order to form the Core Content Classification in General Practice/Family Medicine (3CGP). So far, 3CGP is in use by humans in pedagogy, in bibliographic studies, in indexing congresses, master theses and other forms of grey literature in GP/FM. Use by computers is experimented in automatic classifiers, annotators and natural language processing. Discussion To the best of our knowledge, this is the first attempt to expand the ICPC coding system with an extension for family physician contextual issues, thus covering non-clinical content of practice. It remains to be proven that our proposed terminology will help in dealing with more complex systems, such as MeSH, to support information storage and retrieval activities. However, this exercise is proposed as a first step in the creation of an ontology of GP/FM and as an opening to the complex world of Semantic Web technologies. Conclusion We expect that the creation of this terminological resource for indexing abstracts and for facilitating Medline searches for general practitioners, researchers and students in medicine will reduce loss of knowledge in the domain of GP/FM. In addition, through better indexing of the grey literature (congress abstracts, master’s and doctoral theses), we hope to enhance the accessibility of research results and give visibility to the invisible work of family physicians.
Disciplines :
General & internal medicine
Languages & linguistics
Computer science
Author, co-author :
Jamoulle, Marc  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Doct. sc. médicales (Bologne)
Language :
English
Title :
Towards a system of concepts for Family Medicine. Multilingual indexing in General Practice/ Family Medicine in the era of Semantic Web
Defense date :
08 December 2017
Number of pages :
308
Institution :
ULiège - Université de Liège
Degree :
Docteur en sciences médicales
Promotor :
Vanmeerbeek, Marc  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences cliniques
Ittoo, Ashwin ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > HEC Liège : UER > UER Opérations
President :
Giet, Didier ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Soins primaires et santé
Jury member :
vander Stichele, Robert
Donneau, Anne-Françoise ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Biostatistique et méthodes de recherche
Buntinx, Frank
van Boven, Kees
Letrilliart, Laurent
Roland, Michel
Darmoni, Stefan

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