Reference : Age-Related Differences in Strategic Monitoring During Arithmetic Problem Solving
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Theoretical & cognitive psychology
Age-Related Differences in Strategic Monitoring During Arithmetic Problem Solving
Geurten, Marie mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de Psychologie > Neuropsychologie >]
Lemaire, Patrick []
Acta Psychologica
Elsevier Science
Yes (verified by ORBi)
The Netherlands
[en] Arithmetic ; Stretegy selection ; Aging ; Metacognition ; Monitoring
[en] We examined the role of metacognitive monitoring in strategic behavior during arithmetic problem solving, a process that is expected to shed light on age-related differences in strategy selection. Young and older adults accomplished better strategy-judgment, better strategy-selection, and strategy-execution tasks. Data showed that participants made better strategy judgments when problems were problems with homogeneous unit digits (i.e., problems with both unit digits smaller or larger than 5; 31 x 62) relative to problems with heterogeneous unit digits (i.e., problems with one unit digit smaller or larger than 5; 31 x 67) and when the better strategy was cued on rounding-up problems (e.g., 68 x 23) compared to rounding-down problems (e.g., 36 x 53). Results also indicated higher rates of better strategy judgment in young than in older adults. These aging effects differed across problem types. Older adults made more accurate judgments on rounding-up problems than on rounding-down problems when the cued strategy was rounding-up, while young adults did not show such problem-related differences. Moreover, strategy selection correlated with strategy judgment, and even more so in older adults than in young adults. To discuss the implications of these findings, we propose a theoretical framework of how strategy judgments occur in young and older adults and discuss how this framework enables to understand relationships between metacognitive monitoring and strategic behaviors when participants solve arithmetic problems.
Agence Nationale de la Recherche ; Marie-Curie CoFund Program

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