Reference : One-step hydrothermal synthesis and electrochemical performance of sodium-manganese-i...
Scientific journals : Article
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Chemistry
One-step hydrothermal synthesis and electrochemical performance of sodium-manganese-iron phosphate as cathode material for Li-ion batteries
Karegeya, Claude mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > > > Form. doct. sc. (chimie - Bologne)]
Mahmoud, Abdelfattah mailto [Université de Liège > Département de chimie (sciences) > LCIS - GreenMAT >]
Vertruyen, Bénédicte mailto [Université de Liège > Département de chimie (sciences) > Chimie inorganique structurale >]
Hatert, Frédéric mailto [Université de Liège > Département de géologie > Minéralogie et cristallochimie >]
Hermann, Raphaël mailto []
Cloots, Rudi mailto [Université de Liège > Département de chimie (sciences) > LCIS - GreenMAT >]
Boschini, Frédéric mailto [Université de Liège > > Plateforme APTIS >]
Journal of Solid State Chemistry
Academic Press
Yes (verified by ORBi)
San Diego
[en] Na2Mn1.5Fe1.5(PO4)3 ; Alluaudite structure type ; Hydrothermal synthesis ; Crystal structure refinement ; Mössbauer spectroscopy ; Energy storage
[en] The sodium-manganese-iron phosphate Na2Mn1.5Fe1.5(PO4)3 (NMFP) with alluaudite structure was obtained by a one-step hydrothermal synthesis route. The physical properties and structure of this material were obtained through XRD and Mössbauer analyses. X-ray diffraction Rietveld refinements confirm a cationic distribution of Na+ and presence of vacancies in A(2)’, Na+ and small amounts of Mn2+ in A(1), Mn2+ in M(1) , 0.5 Mn2+ and Fe cations (Mn2+,Fe2+ and Fe3+) in M(2), leading to the structural formula Na2Mn(Mn0.5Fe1.5)(PO4)3. The particles morphology was investigated by SEM. Several reactions with different hydrothermal reaction times were attempted to design a suitable synthesis protocol of NMFP compound. The time of reaction was varied from 6 to 48 hours at 220°C. The pure phase of NMFP particles was firstly obtained when the hydrothermal reaction of NMFP precursors mixture was maintained at 220°C for 6 hours. When the reaction time was increased from 6 to 12, 24 and 48 hours, the dandelion structure was destroyed in favor of NMFP micro-rods. The combination of NMFP (NMFP-6H, NMFP-12H, NMFP-24H and NMFP-48H) structure refinement and Mössbauer characterizations shows that the increase of the reaction time leads to the progressive increment of Fe(III) and the decrease of the crystal size. The electrochemical tests indicated that NMFP is a 3 V sodium intercalating cathode. The comparison of the discharge capacity evolution of studied NMFP electrode materials at C/5 current density shows different capacities of 48, 40, 34 and 34 mAhg-1 for NMFP-6H, NMFP-12H, NMFP-24H and NMFP-48H respectively. Interestingly, all samples show excellent capacity retention of about 99 % during 50 cycles.
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