Reference : Indexing grey multilingual literature in General Practice in the era of Semantic Web
Scientific congresses and symposiums : Paper published in a book
Human health sciences : General & internal medicine
Engineering, computing & technology : Computer science
Indexing grey multilingual literature in General Practice in the era of Semantic Web
Jamoulle, Marc mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > > > Doct. sc. médicales (Bologne)]
Resnick, Melissa [School of Biomedical Informatics, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX, USA > > > >]
Ittoo, Ashwin mailto [Université de Liège > HEC Liège : UER > Systèmes d'information de gestion >]
Vander Stichele, Robert [University of Ghent > Heymans Institute of Pharmacology, Belgium > > >]
Cardillo, Elena [Institute of Informatics and Telematics, National Research Council, Italy > > > >]
Grosjean, Julien [University of Rouen > Department of Information and Medical Informatics (D2IM), France > > >]
Darmoni, Stefan [University of Rouen > Department of Information and Medical Informatics (D2IM), France > > >]
Vanmeerbeek, Marc mailto [Université de Liège > Département des sciences cliniques > Médecine générale >]
The Grey Journal
Nineteenth International Conference on Grey Literature Public Awareness and Access to Grey Literature
October 23-24, 2017
GreyNet International
[en] grey literature ; family practice ; Q-Codes
[en] Problem/Goal: Sharing the results of research with General Practitioners (GPs) is crucial for the survival
of the discipline of General Practice / Family Medicine (GP/FM). The production of abstracts in GP/FM
probably exceeds 15,000 per year worldwide. Each abstract often represents two years of work for its
authors and is expressed in local languages. Only 45% of them are published in indexed medical journals.
Usual indexing systems like MeSH are not multilingual nor adapted to the particular field of GP/FM.
Consequently, these abstracts are lacking bibliographic control and more than half of the research presented by
GPs at congresses is lost. Considering the absence of appropriate domain-specific terminologies or classification
systems, we propose a new multilingual indexing system. The existing International Classification of Primary
Care (ICPC) is currently used for clinical purposes and has now been expanded with a taxonomy related to
contextual aspects (called Q-Codes) such as education, research, practice organization, ethics or policy in
GP/FM, currently not captured. The set is proposed under the name Core Content Classification in General
Practice (3CGP). The aim is to facilitate indexing of GP/FM specific scientific work and to improve
performance in information storage and retrieval for research purposes in this field.
Research Method/Procedure: Using qualitative analysis, a corpus of 1,702 abstracts from six GP/FM- related
European congresses was analyzed to identify main themes discussed by GPs (e.g., continuity, accessibility
or medical ethics), handled in a domain-specific taxonomy called Q-Codes and translated in 8 languages. In
addition, a methodology for building a lightweight ontology (in OWL-2) was applied to Q-Codes, adding object
and datatype properties to the hierarchical relations, including mapping to the MeSH thesaurus, Babelnet
( and Dbpedia. Finally, the Q-Codes in 8 languages have been integrated healthcare
terminology service ( with a companion website (
Anticipated Results of the Research: The creation and the on-line publication of this multilingual
terminological resource, for indexing abstracts and for facilitating Medline searches, could reduce loss of
knowledge in the domain. In addition, through better indexing of the grey literature (congress abstracts,
master’s and doctoral thesis), we hope to enhance the accessibility of research results of GP/FM domain and
promote the emergence of networks of researchers. First result of experimental implementations of the new
indexing system will be presented.
Indication of costs related to the project: This project has not been funded. 3CGP is placed under
Attribution-Non-Commercial-Share-Alike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0). ICPC is copyrighted by
keywords General practice, Terminology, Electronic publishing, Repository, Grey Literature.

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