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Indexing grey multilingual literature in General Practice: Family medicine in the era of semantic web
Jamoulle, Marc; Cardillo, Elena; Ittoo, Ashwin et al.
2018In International Conference Series on Grey Literature, 2017-October, p. 61-84
Peer reviewed


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Keywords :
Electronic publishing; General practice; Grey literature; Repository; Terminology; Abstracting; Codes (symbols); Indexing (of information); Mesh generation; Philosophical aspects; Semantic Web; Taxonomies; Content classification; Domain-specific terminology; General practices; Hierarchical relations; Information storage and retrieval; Integrated healthcares; Clinical research
Abstract :
[en] Problem/Goal: Sharing the results of research with General Practitioners (GPs) is crucial for the survival of the discipline of General Practice / Family Medicine (GP/FM). The production of abstracts in GP/FM probably exceeds 15,000 per year worldwide. Each abstract often represents two years of work for its authors and is expressed in local languages. Only 45% of them are published in indexed medical journals. Usual indexing systems like MeSH are not multilingual nor adapted to the particular field of GP/FM. Consequently, these abstracts are lacking bibliographic control and more than half of the research presented by GPs at congresses is lost. Considering the absence of appropriate domain-specific terminologies or classification systems, we propose a new multilingual indexing system. The existing International Classification of Primary Care (ICPC) is currently used for clinical purposes and has now been expanded with a taxonomy related to contextual aspects (called Q-Codes) such as education, research, practice organization, ethics or policy in GP/FM, currently not captured. The set is proposed under the name Core Content Classification in General Practice (3CGP). The aim is to facilitate indexing of GP/FM specific scientific work and to improve performance in information storage and retrieval for research purposes in this field. Research Method/Procedure: Using qualitative analysis, a corpus of 1,702 abstracts from six GP/FM- related European congresses was analyzed to identify main themes discussed by GPs (e.g., continuity, accessibility or medical ethics), handled in a domain-specific taxonomy called Q-Codes and translated in 8 languages. In addition, a methodology for building a lightweight ontology (in OWL-2) was applied to Q-Codes, adding object and datatype properties to the hierarchical relations, including mapping to the MeSH thesaurus, Babelnet ( and Dbpedia. Finally, the Q-Codes in 8 languages have been integrated healthcare terminology service ( with a companion website ( Anticipated Results of the Research: The creation and the on-line publication of this multilingual terminological resource, for indexing abstracts and for facilitating Medline searches, could reduce loss of knowledge in the domain. In addition, through better indexing of the grey literature (congress abstracts, master’s and doctoral thesis), we hope to enhance the accessibility of research results of GP/FM domain and promote the emergence of networks of researchers. First result of experimental implementations of the new indexing system will be presented. Indication of costs related to the project: This project has not been funded. 3CGP is placed under Attribution-Non-Commercial-Share-Alike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0). ICPC is copyrighted by WONCA. © 2018 Oriental Scientific Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Disciplines :
General & internal medicine
Computer science
Author, co-author :
Jamoulle, Marc  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Doct. sc. médicales (Bologne)
Cardillo, Elena;  Institute of Informatics and Telematics, National Research Council, Italy
Ittoo, Ashwin ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > HEC Liège : UER > Systèmes d'information de gestion
Vander Stichele, R.;  Heymans Institute of Pharmacology, University of Ghent, Belgium
Resnick, Melissa;  University of Texas, Health Science Center, Houston, United States
Grosjean, J.;  D2IM, University of Rouen, France
Darmoni, S.;  D2IM, University of Rouen, France
Vanmeerbeek, Marc  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences cliniques > Médecine générale
Language :
Title :
Indexing grey multilingual literature in General Practice: Family medicine in the era of semantic web
Publication date :
Event name :
19th International Conference on Grey Literature: Public Awareness and Access to Grey Literature, GL 2017
Event organizer :
Event place :
Roma, Italy
Event date :
23-24 October 2017
Audience :
Journal title :
International Conference Series on Grey Literature
Publisher :
Volume :
Pages :
Peer reviewed :
Peer reviewed
Funders :
Biblioteca Centrale 'G. Marconi', National Research Council of Italy, CNR;et al.;Institute of Information Science and Technologies (ISTI), National Research Council of Italy, CNR;Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information (KISTI);Slovak Centre of Scientific and Technical Information (CVTISR);The New York Academy of Medicine
Commentary :
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