Article (Scientific journals)
Linking Forest Cover to Water Quality: A Multivariate Analysis of Large Monitoring Datasets
Brogna, Delphine; Michez, Adrien; Jacobs, Sander et al.
2017In Water, 9 (3), p. 176
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Keywords :
physico-chemical water quality; land cover; land use; agriculture; Wallonia; Belgium; monitoring network; water framework directive; redundancy analysis
Abstract :
[en] Forested catchments are generally assumed to provide higher quality water. However, this hypothesis must be validated in various contexts as interactions between multiple land use and land cover (LULC) types, ecological variables and water quality variables render this relationship highly complex. This paper applies a straightforward multivariate approach on a typical large monitoring dataset of a highly managed and densely populated area (Wallonia, Belgium; 10-year dataset), quantifying forest cover effects on nine physico-chemical water quality variables. Results show that forest cover explains about one third of the variability of water quality and is positively correlated with higher quality water. When controlling for spatial autocorrelation, forest cover still explains 9% of water quality. Unlike needle-leaved forest cover, broad-leaved forest cover presents an independent effect from ecological variables and explains independently 4.8% of water quality variability while it shares 5.8% with cropland cover. This study demonstrates clear independent effects of forest cover on water quality, and presents a method to tease out independent LULC effects from typical large multivariate monitoring datasets. Further research on explanatory variables, spatial distribution effects and water quality datasets could lead to effective strategies to mitigate pollution and reach legal targets.
Disciplines :
Environmental sciences & ecology
Author, co-author :
Brogna, Delphine
Michez, Adrien  ;  Université de Liège > Ingénierie des biosystèmes (Biose) > Gestion des ressources forestières et des milieux naturels
Jacobs, Sander
Dufrêne, Marc  ;  Université de Liège > Ingénierie des biosystèmes (Biose) > Biodiversité et Paysage
Vincke, Caroline
Dendoncker, Nicolas
Language :
Title :
Linking Forest Cover to Water Quality: A Multivariate Analysis of Large Monitoring Datasets
Publication date :
01 March 2017
Journal title :
Publisher :
Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI), Basel, Switzerland
Volume :
Issue :
Pages :
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
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