[en] The microvillus brush border on the renal proximal tubule epithelium allows the controlled reabsorption of solutes that are filtered through the glomerulus and thus participates in general body homeostasis. Here, using the lipid 5-phosphatase Ship2 global knock-out mice, proximal tubule-specific Ship2 knock-out mice and a proximal tubule cell model where SHIP2 is inactivated, we show that SHIP2 is a negative regulator of microvilli formation, thereby controlling solute reabsorption by the proximal tubule. We found increased PtdIns(4,5)P2 substrate and decreased PtdIns4P product when SHIP2 was inactivated, associated with hyperactivated Ezrin/Radixin/Moesin proteins and increased Rho-GTP. Thus, inactivation of SHIP2 leads to increased microvilli formation and solute reabsorption by the renal proximal tubule. This may represent an innovative therapeutic target for renal Fanconi syndromes characterized by decreased reabsorption of solutes by this nephron segment.