Article (Scientific journals)
The lipid 5-phoshatase SHIP2 controls renal brush border ultrastructure and function by regulating ERM proteins activation
Sayyed, Sufyan Ali; JOURET, François; Vermeersch, Marjorie et al.
2017In Kidney International
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Keywords :
Inppl1; renal proximal tubule; brush border; phosphoinositide; microvilli; primary urine; Ship2; reabsorption
Abstract :
[en] The microvillus brush border on the renal proximal tubule epithelium allows the controlled reabsorption of solutes that are filtered through the glomerulus and thus participates in general body homeostasis. Here, using the lipid 5-phosphatase Ship2 global knock-out mice, proximal tubule-specific Ship2 knock-out mice and a proximal tubule cell model where SHIP2 is inactivated, we show that SHIP2 is a negative regulator of microvilli formation, thereby controlling solute reabsorption by the proximal tubule. We found increased PtdIns(4,5)P2 substrate and decreased PtdIns4P product when SHIP2 was inactivated, associated with hyperactivated Ezrin/Radixin/Moesin proteins and increased Rho-GTP. Thus, inactivation of SHIP2 leads to increased microvilli formation and solute reabsorption by the renal proximal tubule. This may represent an innovative therapeutic target for renal Fanconi syndromes characterized by decreased reabsorption of solutes by this nephron segment.
Disciplines :
Biochemistry, biophysics & molecular biology
Author, co-author :
Sayyed, Sufyan Ali ;  Université de Liège > GIGA-Research
JOURET, François  ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > Service de néphrologie
Vermeersch, Marjorie
Pérez-Morga, David
Schurmans, Stéphane  ;  Université de Liège > Département des sciences fonctionnelles (DSF) > Biochimie métabolique vétérinaire
Language :
English
Title :
The lipid 5-phoshatase SHIP2 controls renal brush border ultrastructure and function by regulating ERM proteins activation
Publication date :
2017
Journal title :
Kidney International
ISSN :
0085-2538
eISSN :
1523-1755
Publisher :
Nature Publishing Group, New York, United States - New York
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Available on ORBi :
since 11 January 2017

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