Reference : Measurements of reference ISO nozzles by high-speed imaging
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Agriculture & agronomy
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/200879
Measurements of reference ISO nozzles by high-speed imaging
English
De Cock, Nicolas mailto [Université de Liège > Ingénierie des biosystèmes (Biose) > Agriculture de précision >]
Massinon, Mathieu mailto [Université de Liège > Ingénierie des biosystèmes (Biose) > Agriculture de précision >]
Nuyttens, David mailto [The Institute for Agricultural and Fisheries Research (ILVO) > Technology and Food Science Unit > > >]
Dekeyser, Donald mailto [The Institute for Agricultural and Fisheries Research (ILVO) > Technology and Food Science Unit > > >]
Lebeau, Frédéric mailto [Université de Liège > Ingénierie des biosystèmes (Biose) > Agriculture de précision >]
Nov-2016
Crop Protection
Elsevier Science
89
105-115
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
0261-2194
[en] Droplet sizing ; Digital image analysis ; Agricultural spray ; ISO/DIS 25358
[en] Agricultural spray characteristics determine the efficiency of a pesticide application because size and
velocity affect droplet trajectory and impact behavior. At present, the relevance of different characterization
techniques remains controversial since discrepancies may be significant between measurements
performed in different laboratories.
A digital image acquisition technique and analysis algorithm is proposed for droplet size and velocimetry
measurements as an alternative to well-established techniques such as the Phase Doppler Particle
Analyzer (PDPA) or laser diffraction spectrometry (LDS). The algorithm requires double exposed shadow
images acquired in a back-lighted arrangement with a Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) camera and a
pulsed light emitting diode (LED). Spatial illumination heterogeneities are corrected by subtracting from
each image a mean background acquired on several images without any particle. The algorithm accuracy
is ensured by the rejection of out-of-focus particles using a focus parameter depending on gradient
intensity at the particle edges. Thresholds for focus particle selection were determined by studying the
evolution of the focus parameter and the error on particle size measurements from images containing
droplets with uniform size at various distance of the object plane. Selected droplets were identified on
both pairs of images to determine their size and velocity. Droplet size distributions were corrected to
account for the uneven sampling probability caused by the volumetric method.
Droplet size distributions of a set of reference nozzle/pressure combinations defined in the ISO/DIS
25358 were measured. The image technique was able to distinguish each of the reference sprays well.
Comparison with PDPA measurements showed that the imaging technique tends to measure an equivalent
Dv50, a lower Dv10 and a higher Dv90 leading therefore to a higher relative span factor. Velocity
measurements showed good agreement between both techniques except for one nozzle/pressure
combination.
Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique (Communauté française de Belgique) - F.R.S.-FNRS
Researchers ; Professionals
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/200879
10.1016/j.cropro.2016.07.016

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