Reference : Public Participation in Science and Technology and its Normative Context. The Partici...
Dissertations and theses : Master's dissertation
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Sociology & social sciences
Law, criminology & political science : Political science, public administration & international relations
Public Participation in Science and Technology and its Normative Context. The Participatory Turn’s Legacy and the European ‘Responsible Research and Innovation’ Emerging Framework
[fr] La participation publique en science et technologie et son contexte normatif. L'héritage du tournant participatif et le cadre européen émergent de la 'Responsible Research and Innovation'
Macq, Hadrien mailto [Université de Liège > Département de science politique > Politique et norme >]
Maastricht University, ​Maastricht, ​​The Netherlands
Master in European Studies on Society, Science and Technology
Delvenne, Pierre mailto
van Lente, Harro mailto
[en] Public participation ; Science and technology governance ; European research policies ; Responsible Research and Innovation ; Instrumentalization dynamics
[en] Over the last two decades in Europe, science and technology’s unforeseen impacts led many STS scholars to plead for a ‘participatory turn’ in order to make our democracies more able to handle sociotechnical controversies. However, since the outset of this participatory turn, critiques sharing the common emphasize on the importance of taking into account the context in which public participation takes place have pointed to the risk of participation being either romanticized or instrumentalized. This thesis contributes to the critical scrutinizing of public participation in science and technology. By drawing on a set of qualitative data collection strategies and on a discourse analysis of collected materials, it investigates the normative context in which public participation is currently conceived and promoted at the European level and links it to historical perspectives in order to grasp the way in which the participatory turn’s legacy has been impacted. At it shows, far from being left opened-up, public participation is strongly closed-down by normative forces that lies in the context is which its promotion is currently taking place. As argued, public participation appears as instrumentalized in Horizon 2020 due to the increasing economization of policies and the steering of science and innovation toward tackling societal challenges. However, while acknowledging that these trends are characteristic of current developments, some longer ones are highlighted. Indeed, as this research suggests, the instrumentalization of public participation goes largely beyond the mere Horizon 2020. From the Sixth Framework Programme already, it appears that the normative context in which public participation in science and technology has been conceived and promoted has always tended to instrumentalized and to close down the deliberative governance of science.
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