Reference : Estimating the economic impact of a possible equine and human epidemic of West Nile v...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Veterinary medicine & animal health
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/200424
Estimating the economic impact of a possible equine and human epidemic of West Nile virus infection in Belgium
English
[fr] Estimation de l'impact économique d'une possible épidémie humaine et équine du virus de la fièvre du Nil Occidental en Belgique
Humblet, Marie-France mailto [Université de Liège > > Protection et hygiène du travail (SUPHT) >]
Vandeputte, Sébastien mailto [Association Wallonne de l'Elevage > > > >]
Fecher-Bourgeois, Fabienne mailto [Université de Liège > Faculté des sciences sociales > Economie politique et économie de la santé >]
LEONARD, Philippe mailto [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Service des maladies infectieuses - médecine interne >]
Gosset, Christiane mailto [Université de Liège > Département des sciences de la santé publique > Département des sciences de la santé publique >]
Balenghien, Thomas mailto [Centre de coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement > > > >]
Durand, Benoit mailto [Agence nationale de sécurité sanitaire de l’alimentation, de l’environnement et du travail > > > >]
Saegerman, Claude mailto [Université de Liège > Département des maladies infectieuses et parasitaires (DMI) > Epidémiologie et analyse des risques appl. aux sc. vétér. >]
4-Aug-2016
Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control
21
31
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
1025-496X
1560-7917
Stockholm
Sweden
[en] This study aimed at estimating, in a prospective scenario, the potential economic impact of a possible epidemic of WNV infection in Belgium, based on 2012 values for the equine and human health sectors, in order to increase preparedness and help decision-makers. Modelling of risk areas, based on the habitat suitable for Culex pipiens, the main vector of the virus, allowed us to determine equine and human populations at risk. Characteristics of the different clinical forms of the disease based on past epidemics in Europe allowed morbidity among horses and humans to be estimated. The main costs for the equine sector were vaccination and replacement value of dead or euthanised horses. The choice of the vaccination strategy would have important consequences in terms of cost. Vaccination of the country’s whole population of horses, based on a worst-case scenario, would cost more than EUR 30 million; for areas at risk, the cost would be around EUR 16–17 million. Regarding the impact on human health, short-term costs and socio-economic losses were estimated for patients who developed the neuroinvasive form of the disease, as no vaccine is available yet for humans. Hospital charges of around EUR 3,600 for a case of West Nile neuroinvasive disease and EUR 4,500 for a case of acute flaccid paralysis would be the major financial consequence of an epidemic of West Nile virus infection in humans in Belgium.
UREAR
Développement d’un outil générique pour quantifier les pertes économiques directes et indirectes subies par les éleveurs et la société civile dans le cadre des maladies émergentes en Région Wallonne
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/200424
http://www.eurosurveillance.org/ViewArticle.aspx?ArticleId=22548

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