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Coffee cooperatives promoting peacebuilding and socio-economic development of farmers in Huye District , Southern Rwanda
Bititi, Gisaro M-Ya; Lebailly, Philippe  ; Mbonyinkebe, Déo
2015 • In Kovacevic, Dusan (Ed.) Book of Proceedings Sixth International Scientific Agricultural Symposium "AgroSym 2015"
Peer reviewed
 

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Keywords :
Coffee co-operative; Coffee washing station; Peace-building; Socio-economic development; Rwanda
Abstract :
[en] Cooperative organisations play an important role in the peacebuilding efforts undertaken in the wake of the Rwanda genocide in1994. The genocide tore apart and destroyed large parts of the country’s socio-economic and institutional foundations, its consequences are still evident. Coffee is the main source of income for approximatively 500.000 households. The paper aimed to analyze the impact of coffee cooperatives and the coffee washing stations in the peacebuilding socio-economic changes of coffee farmer’s members in Huye District, Southern Province of Rwanda. A research surveyed selected 70 small coffee farmers from 3 cooperatives to measure socio-economic development of coffee washing stations on the growers. Results reveal that cooperatives increase production and improve the socioeconomic households’ income (86.5%). Jobs are created for women and girls especially during the harvesting and the coffee processing (98.7%). When farmers are working together, a synergy is created among them, by disucussion, exchanging experiences, which avoide discrimination, conflict, division between antagonist ethnic groups Hutu and Tutsi (67.1%). Results reveal that coffee cooperatives promote a spirit of understanding each other and the tolerance between farmers (72.3%). Cooperatives provide loans to the members through the “rotating funds: Ibimina”. They also educate members through vocational trainings by enhancing and empowering farmers especially women and girls (97.1%). This is evidenced by the provision of adequate shelter, the observation of human rights, access to the medical insurance, school fees for children, undertaking entrepreneurial activities, unity and reconciliation between members, participating in the household’s incomes allocation. Cooperatives uses various strategies in peacebuilding such as working together to construct new schools and houses, land inheritance for women, clubs for peacebuilding and visiting each others (74.3%).
Disciplines :
Agriculture & agronomy
Author, co-author :
Bititi, Gisaro M-Ya
Lebailly, Philippe  ;  Université de Liège > Agronomie, Bio-ingénierie et Chimie (AgroBioChem) > Economie et développement rural
Mbonyinkebe, Déo
Language :
English
Title :
Coffee cooperatives promoting peacebuilding and socio-economic development of farmers in Huye District , Southern Rwanda
Publication date :
2015
Event name :
6th International Scientific Agriculture Symposium "AgroSym 2015"
Event organizer :
University of East Sarajevo
Event place :
Jahorina, Bosnia & Herzegovina
Event date :
15-18 October 2015
Audience :
International
Main work title :
Book of Proceedings Sixth International Scientific Agricultural Symposium "AgroSym 2015"
Editor :
Kovacevic, Dusan
Publisher :
University of East Sarajevo, Lukavica, Bosnia & Herzegovina
ISBN/EAN :
978-99976-632-2-1
Pages :
1924-1931
Peer reviewed :
Peer reviewed

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