Reference : Distribution and activity of chitinolytic enzymes in the digestive tract of birds and...
Scientific conferences in universities or research centers : Scientific conference in universities or research centers
Life sciences : Environmental sciences & ecology
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/190140
Distribution and activity of chitinolytic enzymes in the digestive tract of birds and mammals
English
Jeuniaux, Charles [Université de Liège - ULiège > Zoological institute > Laboratories of morphology, systematics and animal ecology > >]
Cornelius, C. [Université de Liège - ULiège > Zoological institute > Laboratories of morphology, systematics and animal ecology > >]
Apr-1997
8
International
First international conference on Chitin/Chitosan
du 11 au 13 avril 1977
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Boston, Massachusetts
Etats unis
[en] The extraction and purification of chitinolytic enzymes devoid of any lysozymic activity, taken from the gastric mucosa of mamals, indicated that these enzymes are true chitinases, rather than lysozymes with chitinolytic activity. A close relationship was found between chitinase secretions in the digestive tract and the nature of the normal diet of the species considered. Changing the diet of an animal (mouse, rat, hamster, guinea pig) for a few weeks did not modify its ability or inability to secrete chitinase. In the digestive tract of birds, chitinase is secreted only by the gtastric mucosa. All the more or less insectivorous birds so far studied, including chickens, do secrete gastric chitinases. No chitinase secretion was dected in the pigeon or the parrot. In mammals, gastric chitinases were found in omnivorous and insectivorous species belonging to the orders Insectivora, Chiroptera, Carnivora, Rodenta and primates. in the pig, chitinases are secreted by the gastric mucosa and by the pancreas. The digestibility of chitin in both a purified and a natural form was estimated in feeding experiments with mice, Japanese nightingales and chickens. From 19% to 58% chitin was digested by mice and chickens that were fed a diet containing pure chitin, and by Japanese nightingales that were fed mealworm larvae.
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/190140

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