Reference : Projecting alternative urban growth patterns: The development and application of a re...
Scientific journals : Article
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Multidisciplinary, general & others
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/188294
Projecting alternative urban growth patterns: The development and application of a remote sensing assisted calibration framework for the Greater Dublin Area
English
Van de Voorde, Tim mailto [> >]
van der Kwast, Johannes [> >]
Poelmans, Lien mailto [> >]
Canters, Frank mailto [> >]
Binard, Marc mailto [Université de Liège > > Dép. de Géographie : Plateforme "GITAN" >]
Cornet, Yves mailto [Université de Liège > Département de géographie > Unité de Géomatique - Télédétection et photogrammétrie >]
Engelen, Guy mailto [> >]
Uljee, Inge mailto [> >]
Shahumyan, Harutyun mailto [> >]
Williams, Brendan mailto [> >]
Convery, Sheila mailto [> >]
Lavalle, Carlo mailto [> >]
Jan-2016
Ecological Indicators
Elsevier Science
60
1056–1069
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
1470-160X
1872-7034
Amsterdam
The Netherlands
[en] Urban growth modelling ; Strategic environmental impact assessment ; Spatial metrics ; Urban remote sensing ; Land use change
[en] Land use change models are powerful tools that allow planners and policy makers to assess the long-term spatial and environmental impacts of their decisions. In order for these models to produce a realistic output, they should be properly calibrated. This is usually achieved by comparing simulated land-use maps of dates in the past to reference land-use maps of a corresponding date. As land-use data are often not readily or frequently available, we propose a two-stage calibration framework that includes existing land-use maps as well as remote sensing derived maps of the urban extent. Urban growth patterns for the Dublin area represented by remote sensing based maps were compared to simulated growth using spatial metrics in order to fine-tune the calibration of the MOLAND urban growth model of Dublin. We then used the calibrated model to forecast future urban growth according to four urban planning scenarios that have been defined for the Strategic Environmental Assessment of the Greater Dublin Area. We examined a selection of spatial metrics in order to determine their sensitivity to differences in spatial patterns between simulated and remote sensing derived data. We also investigated whether these metrics are useful to characterise future changes in the urban spatial structure that ensue from the planning scenarios. We found that with the exception of some metrics that strongly respond to differences in the amount of urban land, most metrics showed similar trends for simulated and remote sensing derived maps. Most metrics were also able to distinguish the growth patterns induced by the different spatial planning scenarios. The “business as usual scenario” in particular showed a clearly distinct trend compared to the other scenarios. We could also conclude that the urban growth pattern of Dublin as observed from both the remote sensing derived maps and the simulated maps of future land use seems to confirm the theory of alternating phases of diffusive growth and coalescence.
BELSPO - SPP Politique scientifique - Service Public Fédéral de Programmation Politique scientifique
Measuring and modeling urban dynamics: impact on quality of life and hydrology (MAMUD) - project (Research project SR/00/105)
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/188294
10.1016/j.ecolind.2015.08.035

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