Reference : A next-generation approach to assess the cyanobacterial diversity and biogeography in...
Scientific congresses and symposiums : Poster
Life sciences : Environmental sciences & ecology
Life sciences : Microbiology
A next-generation approach to assess the cyanobacterial diversity and biogeography in the High Arctic (Svalbard)
Laughinghouse, Haywood Dail []
Stelmach Pessi, Igor mailto [Université de Liège > > Centre d'ingénierie des protéines >]
Velazquez, David []
Wilmotte, Annick mailto [Université de Liège > Département des sciences de la vie > Physiologie et génétique bactériennes >]
15th International Symposium on Phototrophic Prokaryotes
2 au 7 aout 2015
University of Tubingen
[en] Arctic ; cyanobacteria ; Biodiversity ; Biogeography
[en] Polar ecosystems are extremely sensitive to global climate changes and human activities. Cyanobacteria are key photosynthetic organisms in these latitudes, due to their roles in soil aggregation, nitrogen fixation, carbon cycles, and secondary metabolite production, among others. Previous works indicate that different cyanobacterial taxa/communities have different impacts on the environment, in both biogeochemical cycles and bioactive compound productions. Furthermore, the presence of biogeographical patterns in microorganisms, as found in macroorganisms, is an ongoing debate.

In this study, during the 2013 MicroFun expedition, we sampled 72 locations around Svalbard including diverse biotopes such as glacial forefields, tundra soils, hot springs, soil crusts, microbial mats, wet walls, cryoconites, plankton and periphyton, in order to (1) assess the biodiversity of cyanobacteria around Svalbard, (2) verify the existence of biogeographical trends around the archipelago, and (3) compare these data with other polar (cold) areas, especially Antarctica. We used a pyrosequencing approach targeting cyanobacteria-specific 16S rRNA gene sequences to deeply study the cyanobacterial communities.
Centre d'Ingénierie des Protéines - CIP
Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique (Communauté française de Belgique) - F.R.S.-FNRS

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