Article (Scientific journals)
Practices of Incident Reporting in a Nuclear Research Center: A Question of Solidarity
Rossignol, Nicolas
2015In Safety Science, 80, p. 170-177
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Keywords :
Incident Reporting; Science and Technology Studies; Vulnerability
Abstract :
[en] Incident reporting is usually considered as an effective means to improve the safety of “at risk” socio-technical systems (e.g. nuclear plants, large industrial facilities, hospitals), as it allows implicated actors to learn from past incidents. Safety could thus be enhanced via the use of an institutionalized Incident Reporting System (IRS), enabling organizations to improve the quality of actions and reactions in case of a deviation from normality, or to prevent such deviations from happening in the first place. Yet, there is a lack of inductive analyses of actual, on-site uses of IRS. In this paper, we address this gap, using the results of 28 semi-structured interviews conducted with agents from the Belgian Nuclear Research Center (SCK•CEN). The study relies on a vulnerability-oriented Science and Technology Studies (STS) approach. Our results show that practices of incident reporting are more varied than the institutionalized ones. Indeed, actual reporting practices are to be related to specific expressions of solidarity between colleagues within a negotiated drift – a pragmatic interpretation of the reporting procedure. These results are discussed in a vulnerability-oriented perspective. Overall, the paper displays a grounded analysis of incident reporting practices which may contribute to a better understanding of how safety is co-constructed by workers, and provides opportunities for further research and concrete path of actions for practitioners.
Research center :
Disciplines :
Sociology & social sciences
Political science, public administration & international relations
Author, co-author :
Rossignol, Nicolas ;  Université de Liège > Département de science politique > Anal. et éval. des politiques publ.-Méthod. de sc. politique
Language :
Title :
Practices of Incident Reporting in a Nuclear Research Center: A Question of Solidarity
Publication date :
Journal title :
Safety Science
Publisher :
Elsevier Science
Volume :
Pages :
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Funders :
This work is sponsored by GDF SUEZ in the framework of the cooperation agreement CO-90-07-2124 between SCK•CEN and GDF SUEZ
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since 02 August 2015


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