Reference : Qu'entend-on par paysage de qualité? Résultats d'une enquête auprès d'experts roumain...
Parts of books : Contribution to collective works
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Human geography & demography
Qu'entend-on par paysage de qualité? Résultats d'une enquête auprès d'experts roumains et wallons
[en] What means Landscape of quality? Results of a survey among Romanian and Walloon experts.
Schmitz, Serge mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de géographie > Service de géographie rurale (LAPLEC) >]
Vanderheyden, Vincent mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de géographie > Service de géographie rurale (LAPLEC) >]
Teleuca, Alexandra [Université de Bucarest > > CCTPTI > >]
Patru-Stupariu, Ileana [Université de Bucarest > > CCTPTI > >]
Globalization and New Challenges of Agricultural and Rural Systems
Kim, Doo-Chul
Viegas Firmino, Ana Maria
Ichikawa, Yasuo
Nagoya University Publisher
[en] Landscape ; Assessment ; European Landscape Convention ; Romania ; Wallonia ; Roumanie ; Wallonie
[fr] Paysage ; Evaluation ; Convention européenne du paysage
[en] The European Landscape Convention stresses that “the landscape has an important public interest role in the cultural, ecological, environmental and social fields, and constitutes a resource favourable to economic activity”. Among other recommendations, signatory countries are committed to assess their landscapes, “taking into account the particular values assigned to them by the interested parties and the population concerned” (Council of Europe 2000). However, assessing landscapes out of a specific framework is not an easy task due to the multiple functions that landscapes perform. Brandt, Tress and Tress (2000) pointed five basic functions: ecological, economic, sociocultural, historical and aesthetic. Relating to these multiple functions, stakeholders may have different points of view on the quality of landscape. In a current bilateral research project funded by Wallonie Bruxelles International and the Romanian Academy, the authors exchange practices concerning landscape monitoring in high value rural landscapes. The paper presents the results of a survey among landscape experts in both countries. Forty-two landscape experts, from Wallonia and Romania, had to specify their level of agreement on fifty-two Likert items regarding landscape quality indicators. A consensus appears about an idyllic landscape characterised by a small human influence. Experts point unanimously the absence of pollution, sustainable farming, the awareness of the inhabitants about landscape, and the aesthetic value as necessary characteristics. Even if the consensus is weaker, both landscape connectivity and regional heritage seem to be other important indicators to assess landscape quality. At the opposite end, the species rarity, the hilliness, a mention in tourist guides, or the presence in the art matter little. The survey stresses also that experts’ advice differs concerning biodiversity indicators, economic potential, and the presence of modern items in the landscape. Generally, Romanian experts stress more the biocentric approach of landscape while Walloon experts may assign importance to urban or industrial landscapes. Finally, the paper suggests nine features worth to be considered when assessing landscapes.
Laplec ; Lepur
WBI - Wallonie-Bruxelles International ; Romanian Academy
Recherches méthodologiques en écologie du paysage et monitoring paysagers des parcs nationaux
Researchers ; Professionals

File(s) associated to this reference

Fulltext file(s):

Restricted access
4 Serge.pdfAuthor preprint453.09 kBRequest copy

Bookmark and Share SFX Query

All documents in ORBi are protected by a user license.