Reference : Gestión por los actores locales de los recursos físicos, vegetales y animales, para e...
Scientific conferences in universities or research centers : Scientific conference in universities or research centers
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Multidisciplinary, general & others
Gestión por los actores locales de los recursos físicos, vegetales y animales, para el desarrollo sostenible y la calidad de vida. Una experiencia interdisciplinaria en el valle del Draa, Marruecos
[en] Gestion par les acteurs locaux des ressources physiques, végétales et animales pour le développement durable et la qualité de vie. Une expérience interdisciplinaire dans la Vallée du Draa, Maroc.
Hornick, Jean-Luc mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de productions animales > Nutrition animale en milieu tropical >]
Semana cientifica de l'Universidad Nacional de San Antonio Abad Del Cuzco
Universidad Nacional de San Antonio Abad Del Cuzco
[en] Water ; Access ; Draa ; Morocco
[en] In 2001, an interdisciplinary team, composed of 22 scientists, developed a methodology aiming at analyzing problems of water resources in Vallée du Draa (Morocco). The issue was studied through 4 points of view: (i) disponibility of water, according to a hydrogeological evaluation of the region, (ii) mechanic, technic and physic access to water, taking into account political, cultural and financial sovereign, allowing to guarantee access to water at the levels of nation, region, locality, family and individual, (iii) quality of water and its evolution – rainy, superficial, underground, residual water, water for agriculture and breeding, (IV) efficiency and profitability of water.
Water needs appeared to be higher that available resources. Rainy and superficial water supplies appeared to be weak and poorly distributed in time. Strong seasonal change in the level of phreatic layer suggested an overexploitation of aquifers. Valleys were characterized by sedimentation of irrigation canals, exploitation of underground water, remoteness and dispersion of agricultural areas. Social and gender equitability in water distribution and access were poor, leading to desertion and emigration. Water quality was considered as poor.
It can be concluded that palm groves allows populations to maintain in an area. Sustainability of the system depend on water access, water quality and profitability. Survival of the system depends on irrigation, rights to water access, and presence of water of quality.
Conseil Interuniversitaire Francophone - CIUF
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students

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