Reference : Spatio-Temporal Analysis of Equatorial Ionospheric Scintillations in the Frame of Abs...
Scientific congresses and symposiums : Poster
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Earth sciences & physical geography
Spatio-Temporal Analysis of Equatorial Ionospheric Scintillations in the Frame of Absolute GNSS Positioning Algorithms
Lonchay, Matthieu mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de géographie > Unité de Géomatique - Géodésie et GNSS >]
Cornet, Yves mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de géographie > Unité de Géomatique - Télédétection et photogrammétrie >]
Aquino, Marcio mailto [University of Nottingham > Nottingham Geospatial Institute > Ionosphere > >]
Warnant, René mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de géographie > Unité de Géomatique - Géodésie et GNSS >]
Workshop on Correlated Observation Errors
23 April 2014 - 25 April 2014
ESA - University of Reading
United Kingdom
[en] Ionosphere ; Scintillations ; GNSS ; Spatio-Temporal ; Positioning
[en] The ionosphere has always been a major limitation for GNSS positioning applications. Free electrons in the
ionosphere perturb the propagation of GNSS radio signals involving both refraction and diffraction effects. The
ionospheric refraction mainly results in a modification of the propagation speed of the GNSS electromagnetic
signals, inducing an error (propagation delay or phase advance depending on the observable) in GNSS measurements.
In the frame of absolute positioning techniques, single-frequency algorithms usually exploit an ionospheric
model to mitigate the ionospheric error while dual-frequency algorithms, such as the well-known Precise Point
Positioning (PPP), take the benefit of the availability of two frequencies and the fact that the ionosphere is a
dispersive medium to construct an ionosphere-free mathematical model. But these two strategies are not able to
counteract the effect of the ionospheric diffraction which is due to small-scale irregularities in the free electron
density. By scattering GNSS signals, these irregularities generate rapid fluctuations (scintillations) in the amplitude
and phase of GNSS signals with critical consequences for GNSS applications: cycle slips, signal power fading,
receiver loss of lock and poor resulting satellite geometry.
The goal of our research is to develop a strategy to mitigate the effect of ionospheric scintillations on absolute
GNSS positioning techniques, in particular the SPP (Standard Point Positioning) and the PPP (Precise
Point Positioning). The strategy is based on the adjustment of the stochastic model. In order to construct the
stochastic model (diagonal and non-diagonal elements) and study the correlation between observables, we adopted
a “spatial” and an “empirical” approach.
The spatial approach consists in a study of the spatial autocorrelation existing in scintillations effects on
GNSS signals. The spatial autocorrelation is detected by using specific spatial analysis techniques applied on
data from a network of ISMR (Ionospheric Scintillation Monitoring Receiver) stations located at equatorial
and polar latitudes, where scintillations effects are most severe. The knowledge of how scintillation effects are
spatially correlated is helpful for determining a coherent stochastic model. The empirical approach does not take
into account the phenomenon spatiality and the locations of the measurements but only the observation data. Its
objective is to determine the statistical correlation which exists between GNSS measurements during a scintillation
event by using a moving filter applied on GNSS observation and scintillation data. The spatial approach exploits
data and data locations while the empirical approach is based only the data itself.
University of Liège (ULiège) - Geomatics Unit ; University of Nottingham (UoN) - Nottingham Geospatial Institute (NGI) ; Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) - Faculty of Science and Technology (FST) ; European GNSS Agency (GSA)
F.R.S.-FNRS - Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique
Researchers ; Professionals

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