Reference : Use of food frequency questionnaire to assess relationships between dietary habits an...
Scientific journals : Article
Human health sciences : Public health, health care sciences & services
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/165858
Use of food frequency questionnaire to assess relationships between dietary habits and cardiovascular risk factors in NESCAV study: validation with biomarkers
English
Sauvageot, Nicolas mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > > > Form. doct. sc. santé publique]
alkerwi, alaa mailto [> >]
Albert, Adelin mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences de la santé publique > Département des sciences de la santé publique >]
Guillaume, Michèle mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences de la santé publique > Epidémiologie nutritionnelle >]
2013
Nutrition Journal
Biomed central
12
143
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
1475-2891
1475-2891
London
United Kingdom
[en] Food frequency questionnaire ; validation ; cardiovascular risk, ; biomarkers ; nESCAV
[en] Abstract
Background:
Validation of Food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) is particularly important element, as incorrect
information may lead to false associations between dietary factors and diseases. The aim of the study was to
evaluate the validity of the FFQ used in NESCAV (Nutrition, Environment and Cardiovascular Health) study, by
comparing the estimated intakes of fruits and vegetables and of several micro-nutrients with corresponding
nutritional biomarkers.
Methods:
Relative validity was assessed in a sample of 922 subjects (452 men and 470 women). Comparisons
between FFQ-estimates and their corresponding biomarkers were performed through correlation and cross
classification into quintiles by using both crude and energy-adjusted FFQ-estimates. Correlations adjusted for
confounders were also computed. All analyses were performed separately for men and women.
Results:
Concerning micro-nutrients, significant correlations were found for vitamin B9, D, E, B12
β
-carotene and
iodine in both men and women. Energy-adjustment led to an increase of all correlations cited previously. However,
after excluding supplement users, correlations for vitamin D were not significant anymore. Concerning fruits and
vegetables, all correlations were significant. Vegetables alone and fruits and vegetables correlated better in men
(r around 0.2) than in women (r around 0.1). In men, correlation was also better for vegetables alone and fruits and
vegetables than fruits alone.
Conclusion:
These data demonstrate that this FFQ is a reasonable tool to assess intakes of fruits and vegetables
and of several micro-nutrients. We conclude that our FFQ is suitable to be used in NESCAV study, although protein
and vitamin D estimates should be interpreted with caution
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/165858
10.1186/1475-2891-12-143

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