Reference : Higher long-lasting ethanol sensitization after adolescent ethanol exposure in mice
Scientific journals : Article
Human health sciences : Psychiatry
Human health sciences : Pharmacy, pharmacology & toxicology
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Animal psychology, ethology & psychobiology
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/158825
Higher long-lasting ethanol sensitization after adolescent ethanol exposure in mice
English
Quoilin, Caroline mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Psychologie: Cognition et Comportement > Psychologie Quantitative > >]
Didone, Vincent mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de Psychologie : cognition et comportement > Psychologie quantitative >]
Tirelli, Ezio mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de Psychologie : cognition et comportement > Neuroscience comportementale et psychopharmacologie expér. >]
Quertemont, Etienne mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de Psychologie : cognition et comportement > Psychologie quantitative >]
2014
Psychopharmacology
Springer Verlag
231
1821-1829
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
0033-3158
1432-2072
Berlin
Germany
[en] Ethanol ; Adolescence ; Locomotor activity ; Behavioral sensitization ; Mice ; Long-term consequences
[en] Rationale. Due to their maturing brain, adolescents are suggested to be more vulnerable to the
long-term consequences of chronic alcohol use. Increased sensitization to the stimulant effects
of ethanol is a possible consequence of ethanol exposure during adolescence.
Objectives. The aim of this study was to characterize the long-term alterations in the stimulant
effects of ethanol and in the rate of ethanol sensitization in mice pre-exposed to ethanol
during adolescence in comparison to mice pre-exposed to ethanol in adulthood.
Methods. Adolescent and adult female SWISS mice were injected with saline or ethanol (2.5
or 4 g/kg) during 14 consecutive days. After a three weeks period of ethanol abstinence, mice
were tested as adults before and after a second exposure to daily repeated ethanol injections.
Results. All mice pre-exposed to ethanol as adults or adolescents showed higher stimulant
effects when re-exposed to ethanol three weeks later. However, this enhanced sensitivity to
the stimulant effects of ethanol was of significantly higher magnitude in mice repeatedly
injected with high ethanol doses (4g/kg) during adolescence. Furthermore, the increased
expression of ethanol stimulant effects in these mice was maintained even after a second
procedure of ethanol sensitization.
Conclusions. Adolescence is a critical period for the development of a sensitization to ethanol
stimulant properties providing that high intermittent ethanol doses are administered. These
results might contribute to explain the relationship between age at first alcohol use and risks
of later alcohol problems and highlight the dangers of repeated consumption of high alcohol
amounts in young adolescents.
Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique (Communauté française de Belgique) - F.R.S.-FNRS ; Fonds spéciaux pour la recherche (FSR)
Researchers ; Professionals
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/158825

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