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Judicial Review in European Union Competition Law: A Quantitative and Qualitative Assessment
Petit, Nicolas  ; geradin, Damien
2010
 

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Keywords :
judicial review; EU Competition Law; statistical analysis of law; contrôle juridictionnel; Droit européen de la concurrence; analyse statistique du droit; standards of review; European Court of Justice; abuse of dominance
Abstract :
[en] Ever since the creation of the General Court (“GC”), the effectiveness of judicial review in European Union (“EU”) competition cases has sparked intense scholarly debates. This paper seeks to further contribute to this discussion in three ways. First, it devotes some space to fundamental, yet often overlooked questions, such as the goals or functions of judicial review and why judicial review of administrative decisions is important; particularly so in competition law matters. Second, this paper attempts to throw some empirical light on the GC’s judicial review of European Commission (“Commission”) decisions in the field of competition law. Third, it places a specific emphasis on the particular situation of abuse of dominance law, where the GC has exercised its judicial review power with more restraint than in other areas of competition law (such as restrictive agreements and mergers). With these goals in mind, this paper follows a five-stage progression. First, on the basis of a survey of the relevant legal, economic and political science literature, it defines the functions of judicial review and identifies a set of indicators which can be used to assess the performance of the GC’s judicial scrutiny (Part I). Second, it explains why judicial review in EU competition law cases is of critical importance notably given the institutional and procedural deficiencies of the EU enforcement structure (Part II). Third, it discusses the nature and standard of review currently applied by the GC with a particular focus on the degree to which the GC is willing to review “complex economic matters” (Part III). Fourth, it provides some quantitative data on the case-law of the GC to assess whether several goals or functions attributed to judicial review by the scientific literature are met (Part IV). Finally, this paper takes a closer look at the (controversial) case-law of the GC in the field of Article 102 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (“TFEU”) (Part V).
Disciplines :
European & international law
Author, co-author :
Petit, Nicolas ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de droit > Droit européen de la concurrence
geradin, Damien
Language :
English
Title :
Judicial Review in European Union Competition Law: A Quantitative and Qualitative Assessment
Alternative titles :
[en] Le contrôle juridictionnel en droit européen de la concurrence : une évaluation quantitative et qualitative
Publication date :
October 2010
Publisher :
Tilburg Law School Legal Studies, Tilburg, Netherlands
Number of pages :
41

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