Reference : Rodent biodiversity in South East Asia: the case of the Rattini group and the endemic...
Scientific conferences in universities or research centers : Scientific conference in universities or research centers
Life sciences : Zoology
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/139511
Rodent biodiversity in South East Asia: the case of the Rattini group and the endemic karst rodent, Laonastes aenigmamous
English
Pagès, Marie [INRA, CBGP > > > >]
Michaux, Johan mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences de la vie > Génétique >]
20-Mar-2009
National
Séminaire du groupe PHYMOL, Institut des Sciences de Montpellier
20 Mars 2009
Montpellier
France
[en] Rodent, Rats, Phylogeny, species-delimitation, Taxonomy, Southeast Asia
[en] Among mammals, rodents are recognized as the major hosts and vectors of zoonoses and represent a serious threat for human health. Because of global change, interactions between hosts and pathogens are dramatically modified leading to new unexpected disease risks. To predict some of these, accurate identification of each rodent at specific level is needed. Among Muridae, the Rattini tribe encompasses 167 species inhabiting South East Asia, a hotspot of biodiversity facing with a growing economical development, affecting habitats, biodiversity and health but also a hot place of emerging and re-emerging diseases. Rat species were demonstrated as main hosts of pathogens but are difficult to recognize at a specific level using morphological criteria. DNA-barcoding methods appear as promising tools for accurate rat species identifications but their achievement is hampered by the need of reliable identifications as a departure. To provide a rigorous systematic framework for epidemiological surveys, we carried out a taxonomic revision of the Rattini tribe. As morphological characters are misleading, we decided to use the DNA sequence information itself as the primary information source to establish group membership and define species boundaries. We sequenced two mitochondrial and one nuclear genes from 122 rat samples to perform phylogenetic reconstructions and applied the method developed by Pons and colleagues (2006) that determines with no a priori the locations of ancestral nodes defining putative species. To name each cluster recognized as a valid species, we obtained sequence from museum holotype specimen, illustrating how huge opportunities ancient DNA analysis may offer to taxonomists. Moreover, we will present some examples of intra-specific genetic biodiversity on rodents from SEA using phylogeographic approaches.
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/139511

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