Reference : Intact cross-talk between insulin secretion and insulin action after postgastroplasty...
Scientific journals : Article
Human health sciences : Surgery
Human health sciences : Endocrinology, metabolism & nutrition
Intact cross-talk between insulin secretion and insulin action after postgastroplasty recovery of ideal body weight in severely obese patients.
Letiexhe, Michel [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Diabétologie,nutrition, maladies métaboliques >]
Desaive, Claude [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Chirurgie abdominale- endocrinienne et de transplantation >]
Lefebvre, Pierre [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Diabétologie,nutrition, maladies métaboliques >]
Scheen, André mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences cliniques > Diabétologie, nutrition et maladie métaboliques - Médecine interne générale >]
International Journal of Obesity & Related Metabolic Disorders
Nature Publishing Group
Yes (verified by ORBi)
United Kingdom
[en] Body Weight/physiology ; Female ; Gastroplasty ; Glucose/metabolism ; Glucose Tolerance Test ; Humans ; Insulin/metabolism/secretion ; Metabolic Clearance Rate ; Obesity/metabolism/surgery ; Postoperative Period
[en] Most reports investigating the hormonal and metabolic effects of bariatric surgery studied obese subjects after partial weight loss only. Nevertheless, all studies showed significant improvements of insulin secretion, action, clearance and inhibition of its own secretion, although the parallel kinetics of all these changes remained questionable. Using the intravenous glucose tolerance test, we demonstrated a full normalization of insulin secretion, action on glucose metabolism and clearance in eight obese women who recovered and maintained ideal body weight following gastroplasty. Reciprocal changes were observed between postglucose acute insulin secretion and insulin-mediated glucose disposal so that the so-called disposition index (product of these two variables) remained unchanged after vs before gastroplasty in those individuals with normal glucose tolerance. These favourable results should encourage obtaining a drastic and sustained weight loss in patients with severe obesity at risk of developing type II diabetes.

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