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Article (Scientific journals)
Does psychological characteristic influence physicians' communication styles? Impact of physicians' locus of control on interviews with a cancer patient and a relative
Libert, Yves; Merckaert, Isabelle; Reynaert, Christine et al.
2006 • In Supportive Care in Cancer, 14 (3), p. 230-242
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Keywords :
physicians' locus of control; communication skills; patient-centred communication; interviews with a cancer patient and a relative
Abstract :
[en] Context: Physicians' psychological characteristics may influence their communication styles and may thus interfere with patient-centred communication. Objective: Our aim was to test the hypothesis that, in interviews with a cancer patient and a relative, physicians with an "external" locus of control (LOC; who believe that life outcomes are controlled by external forces such as luck, fate or others) have a communication style different from that of physicians with an "internal" LOC (who believe that life outcomes are controlled by their own characteristics or actions). Design, setting, participants and intervention: Eighty-one voluntary physicians practising in the field of oncology were recorded while performing an actual and a simulated interview with a cancer patient and a relative. Main outcome measures: Physicians' communication skills were assessed using the Cancer Research Campaign Workshop Evaluation Manual. Physicians' LOC was assessed using the Rotter I-E scale. The communication skills of the upper and lower quartiles of physicians in respect of their scores on this scale were compared using Student's t test. Results: In actual interviews, physicians with an "external" LOC talked more to the relative (P=0.017) and used more utterances with an assessment function (P=0.010) than physicians with an "internal" LOC. In simulated interviews, physicians with an "external" LOC used less utterances that give premature information (P=0.031) and used more utterances with a supportive function, such as empathy and reassurance (P=0.029), than physicians with an "internal" LOC. Conclusion: These results provide evidence that physicians' LOC can influence their communication styles. Physicians' awareness of this influence constitutes a step towards a tailoring of their communication skills to every patient's and relative's concerns and needs and thus towards a patient-centred communication.
Disciplines :
Oncology
Public health, health care sciences & services
Author, co-author :
Libert, Yves
Merckaert, Isabelle
Reynaert, Christine
Delvaux, Nicole
Marchal, Serge
Etienne, Anne-Marie  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de personne et société > Psychologie de la santé
Boniver, Jacques ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences biomédicales et précliniques > Anatomie et cytologie pathologiques
Klastersky, Jean
Scalliet, Pierre
Slachmuylder, Jean Louis
Razavi, Darius
Language :
English
Title :
Does psychological characteristic influence physicians' communication styles? Impact of physicians' locus of control on interviews with a cancer patient and a relative
Publication date :
March 2006
Journal title :
Supportive Care in Cancer
ISSN :
0941-4355
eISSN :
1433-7339
Publisher :
Springer, New York, United States - New York
Volume :
14
Issue :
3
Pages :
230-242
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi

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