Reference : Treatment of estrogens and androgens in dairy wastewater by a constructed wetland system.
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Environmental sciences & ecology
Treatment of estrogens and androgens in dairy wastewater by a constructed wetland system.
Cai, Kai [> > > >]
Elliott, Christopher T [> > > >]
Phillips, Debra H [> > > >]
Scippo, Marie-Louise mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de sciences des denrées alimentaires > Analyse des denrées alimentaires]
Muller, Marc mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences de la vie > GIGA-R : Biologie et génétique moléculaire]
Connolly, Lisa [> > > >]
Water Research
Pergamon Press
Yes (verified by ORBi)
United Kingdom
[en] Constructed wetland systems (CWS) have been used as a low cost bio-filtration system to treat farm wastewater. While studies have shown that CWS are efficient in removing organic compounds and pathogens, there is limited data on the presence of hormones in this type of treatment system. The objective of this study was to evaluate the ability of the CWS to reduce estrogenic and androgenic hormone concentration in dairy wastewater. This was achieved through a year long study on dairy wastewater samples obtained from a surface flow CWS. Analysis of hormonal levels was performed using a solid phase extraction (SPE) sample clean-up method, combined with reporter gene assays (RGAs) which incorporate relevant receptors capable of measuring total estrogenic or androgenic concentrations as low as 0.24 ng L(-1) and 6.9 ng L(-1) respectively. Monthly analysis showed a mean removal efficiency for estrogens of 95.2%, corresponding to an average residual concentration of 3.2 ng L(-1) 17beta-estradiol equivalent (EEQ), below the proposed lowest observable effect concentration (LOEC) of 10 ng L(-1). However, for one month a peak EEQ concentration of 115 ng L(-1) was only reduced to 18.8 ng L(-1). The mean androgenic activity peaked at 360 ng L(-1) and a removal efficiency of 92.1% left an average residual concentration of 32.3 ng L(-1) testosterone equivalent (TEQ). The results obtained demonstrate that this type of CWS is an efficient system for the treatment of hormones in dairy wastewater. However, additional design improvements may be required to further enhance removal efficiency of peak hormone concentrations.
Giga-Development and Stem Cells
Copyright A(c) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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