Reference : Abundance estimates of southern right whales (Eubalaena australis) in Bahía San Anton...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Aquatic sciences & oceanology
Life sciences : Environmental sciences & ecology
Abundance estimates of southern right whales (Eubalaena australis) in Bahía San Antonio, Patagonia, Argentina
Vermeulen, Els [Université de Liège - ULiège > > > Form.doct. sc. (océanographie - Bologne)]
Journal of Cetacean Research and Management
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] southern right whale ; Eubalaena australis ; Abundance
[en] The abundance of southern right whales (Eubalaena australis) was estimated by the means of aerial line-transect surveys for the area of Bahía San
Antonio, a bay located in the north-western region of the San Matías Gulf (40°50’S 64°50’W), Rio Negro, Patagonia Argentina. In total, seven
aerial surveys were conducted in the first week of August and September 2009, September, October and November 2010, and August, September
2011. Survey effort equalled a total flight time of 12.4h, during which 200 whales were counted in 119 whale groups. Half of the encounters were
solitary animals and 17% were mating groups. Corrected abundance estimates showed the highest amount of whales present in the bay during the
month of September, with 85±71, 207±108 and 117±55 animals in 2009, 2010 and 2011 respectively. In adjacent months, less than half the amount
of whales seemed to be present. The correction factor g(0)availability resulted 0.392±0.456. Perception bias was not accounted for. These aerial surveys
resulted in the first estimates of southern right whale abundance in this north Patagonian bay and indicated a rather abrupt peak during the month
of September. This being the peak month for right whale presence is consistent with data from other regions in the Southwest Atlantic, but data
obtained in the other months remained scarce and thus results should be interpreted carefully. The complete absence of whales in the area during
November 2010 and August 2011 raises further questions on the predictability of the whale’s presence in the area. Overall, more consistent aerial
surveys should be conducted to accurately determine the annual and interannual evolution of southern right whale abundance in the study area.
Rufford Small Grants Foundation
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