Reference : Mid infrared and fluorescence spectroscopies coupled with factorial discriminant anal...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Food science
Mid infrared and fluorescence spectroscopies coupled with factorial discriminant analysis technique to identify sheep milk from different feeding systems
Karoui, Romdhane [> >]
Hammami, Moncef [> >]
Rouissi, Hamadi [> >]
Blecker, Christophe mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Chimie et bio-industries > Laboratoire des Sciences des aliments et formulation >]
Food Chemistry
Elsevier Science
Yes (verified by ORBi)
United Kingdom
[en] Ewe's milk; Lactation; ; Soybean meal; Scotch bean; ; Spectroscopy; Chemometric
[en] Mid infrared spectroscopy (MIR) combined with multivariate data analysis was used to discriminate between ewes milk samples according to their feeding systems (controls, ewes fed scotch bean and ewes fed soybean). The MIR spectra were scanned throughout the first 11 weeks of the lactation stage. When factorial discriminant analysis (FDA) with leave one-out cross-validation was applied, separately, to the three spectral regions in the MIR (i.e. 3000-2800, 1700-1500 and 1500-900 cm(-1)), the classification rate was not satisfactory. Therefore, the first principal component (PCs) scores (corresponding to 3, 10 and 10 for, respectively, the 3000-2800, 1700-1500 and 1500-900 cm(-1)) of the principal component analysis (PCA) extracted from each of the data sets were pooled (concatenated) into a single matrix and analysed by FDA. Correct classification amounting to 71.7% was obtained. Finally, the same procedure was applied to the MIR and fluorescence data sets and 98% of milk samples were found to be correctly classified. Milk samples belonging to control and soybean groups were 100% correctly classified. Regarding milk samples originating from the scotch bean group, only 2 out of 33 samples were misclassified. It was concluded that concatenation of the data sets collected from the two spectroscopic techniques is an efficient tool for authenticating milk samples according to their feeding systems, regardless of the lactation stage. (C) 2011 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
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