Reference : Des interactions complexes entre les origines du VIH et sa pandemie, les activites co...
Scientific journals : Article
Human health sciences : General & internal medicine
Des interactions complexes entre les origines du VIH et sa pandemie, les activites coloniales en Afrique et la medecine coloniale Belge au Congo
[en] About the complex interactions between HIV origins and its pandemy, colonial activities in Africa and colonial medicine in Belgian Congo
DOUPAGNE, Gaëlle [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Service du personnel]
Toukouki, A. [> > > >]
Moutschen, Michel mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences cliniques > GIGA-R:Immunopath. - Maladies infect. et médec. inter. gén.]
Revue Médicale de Liège
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] In this review article on the origin of HIV, we start from a historical fact which involved physicians from Liege working in Belgian Congo: the vaccination against polio of hundreds of thousands of Congolese between 1957 and 1960. We explain the genesis of an alternative hypothesis postulating that this campaign was at the origin of HIV pandemy. We show that the hypothesis is unfounded in view of genetic and epidemiological evidence on the one hand and after thorough examination of the activity reports of the Laboratoire Medical de Stanleyville on the other. In the second part of the article, we analyse the importance of other factors which might have contributed to the emergence of the pandemy. Some of these are clearly iatrogenic such as the prophylactic injections of pentamidine against trypanosomiasis, others are of demographic and sociological nature. All of them have a direct link with colonisation.

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