Reference : Long-term trends of a dozen direct greenhouse gases derived from infrared solar absor...
Scientific congresses and symposiums : Poster
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Earth sciences & physical geography
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/101588
Long-term trends of a dozen direct greenhouse gases derived from infrared solar absorption spectra recorded at the Jungfraujoch station
English
Mahieu, Emmanuel mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Groupe infra-rouge de phys. atmosph. et solaire (GIRPAS) > >]
Duchatelet, Pierre [ > > ]
Zander, Rodolphe [Université de Liège - ULiège > Services généraux (Faculté des sciences) > Relations académiques et scientifiques (Sciences) >]
Lejeune, Bernard [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Groupe infra-rouge de phys. atmosph. et solaire (GIRPAS) >]
Bader, Whitney mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Groupe infra-rouge de phys. atmosph. et solaire (GIRPAS) >]
Demoulin, Philippe [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Groupe infra-rouge de phys. atmosph. et solaire (GIRPAS) >]
Servais, Christian [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Groupe infra-rouge de phys. atmosph. et solaire (GIRPAS) >]
Schneider, Matthias [ > > ]
Barthlott, Sabine [ > > ]
Rinsland, Curtis P. [ > > ]
10-Nov-2011
A0
No
No
International
Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change - Symposium celebrating 20 years of atmospheric research fostered by NDACC/NDSC observations
du 7 au 10 novembre 2011
Université de la Réunion
Saint Paul
La Réunion - France
[en] greenhouse gases ; FTIR spectrometer ; Jungfraujoch ; atmospheric composition ; long-term trend
[en] The University of Liège (ULg) is operating –under clear sky conditions– two state-of-the-art Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectrometers at the high-altitude research station of the Jungfraujoch (Swiss Alps, 46.5ºN, 3580m asl), within the framework of the Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Changes (NDACC, http://www.ndacc.org). Routine FTIR operation started in 1984. Since then, it has been continued without disruption, allowing collecting more than 45000 high-resolution broadband infrared solar absorption spectra, between 2 and 16 microns, using either HgCdTe or InSb detectors as well as a suite of optical filters. Typically, the spectral resolutions achieved lie in the 0.003 to 0.009 cm-1 interval while signal-to-noise ratios of 1000 and more are reached. In addition, numerous narrow-band IR spectra essentially recorded from 1976 to 1989 with grating instruments are also available [e.g. Zander et al., 2008]. Their analyses with modern tools have recently started [Bader et al., 2011] and will be pursued in the coming years to consistently extend our total column datasets back in the 1970s.

Geophysical parameters are deduced from the ULg observational database either with the SFIT-1, the SFIT-2 or the PROFFIT-9 algorithm, allowing producing long-term total column time series of the target gases. In addition, information on their vertical distributions with altitude can generally be derived when using SFIT-2 or PROFFIT-9 which both implement the Optimal Estimation Method of Rodgers [1990]. Presently, more than two dozen atmospheric species are systematically retrieved from the Jungfraujoch observations, allowing the monitoring of key constituents of the Earth’s atmosphere which play important roles in global warming and/or in stratospheric ozone depletion.

The present communication will focus on the direct and major greenhouse gases available from our database, namely water vapor, CO2, CH4, N2O, tropospheric ozone, CFC-11, CFC-12, HCFC-22, CCl4, SF6, as well as CF4 which has recently been added to our targets list [Duchatelet et al., 2011]. Trends and associated uncertainties characterizing the available –and often multi-decadal– time series have been derived or updated with a statistical bootstrap resampling tool [Gardiner et al., 2008], they will be presented and critically compared with data available from the literature.
[en] References

Bader, W. et al., Extension of the long-term total column time series of atmospheric methane above the Jungfraujoch station: analysis of grating infrared spectra between 1976 and 1989, Geophysical Research Abstracts, 13, EGU2011-3391-1, 2011. [http://hdl.handle.net/2268/88180]

Duchatelet, P. et al., First retrievals of carbon tetrafluoride (CF4) from ground-based FTIR measurements: production and analysis of the two-decadal time series above the Jungfraujoch, Geophysical Research Abstracts, 13, EGU2011-6413, 2011. [http://hdl.handle.net/2268/90745]

Gardiner, T. et al., Trend analysis of greenhouse gases over Europe measured by a network of ground-based remote FTIR instruments, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 6719-6727, 2008. [http://hdl.handle.net/2268/2545]

Rodgers, C.D., Characterisation and error analysis of profiles derived from remote sensing measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 95, 5587-5595, 1990.

Zander, R. et al., Our changing atmosphere: Evidence based on long-term infrared solar observations at the Jungfraujoch since 1950, Sci. Total Environ., 391, 184-195, 2008. [http://hdl.handle.net/2268/2421]
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http://hdl.handle.net/2268/101588

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