Reference : The effects of aging on location-based and distance-based processes in memory for time
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Neurosciences & behavior
The effects of aging on location-based and distance-based processes in memory for time
Bastin, Christine mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des Sciences Cognitives > Unité de Psychopathologie Cognitive > >]
Van der Linden, Martial mailto [Université de Genève - UNIGE > > Psychopathologie cognitive > >]
Michel, Anne-Pascale [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des Sciences Cognitives > Psychopathologie Cognitive > >]
Friedman, William J. mailto [Oberlin College > Department of Psychology > > >]
Acta Psychologica
Elsevier Science
Yes (verified by ORBi)
The Netherlands
[en] episodic memory ; aging ; consciousness states ; recognition memory
[en] Retrieving when an event occurred may depend on an estimation of the age of the event
(distance-based processes) or on strategic reconstruction processes based on contextual information associated with the event (location-based processes). Young and older participants
performed a list discrimination task that has been designed to dissociate the contribution of
both types of processes. An adapted Remember/Know/Guess procedure [Can. J. Exp. Psychol.
50 (1996) 114] was developed to evaluate the processes used by the participants to recognize
the stimuli and retrieve their list of occurrence. The results showed that aging disrupts location-
based processes more than distance-based processes. In addition, a limitation of speed
of processing and working-memory capacities was the main predictor of age-related differences
on location-based processes, whereas working-memory capacities mediated partly age
differences on distance-based processes.
Communauté française de Belgique : Direction Générale de l'Enseignement Non Obligatoire et de la Recherche Scientifique - DGENORS
Actions de Recherche Concert ees (convention 99/04-246)

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