Reference : Inactivation of alpha(2)-Macroglobulin by Activated Human Polymorphonuclear Leukocytes.
Scientific journals : Article
Human health sciences : Anesthesia & intensive care
Human health sciences : Multidisciplinary, general & others
Inactivation of alpha(2)-Macroglobulin by Activated Human Polymorphonuclear Leukocytes.
Deby, Ginette [Université de Liège - ULiège > > Centre de l'oxygène : Recherche et développement (C.O.R.D.) >]
Croisier, Jean-Louis mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences de la motricité > Kinésithérapie générale et réadaptation >]
Camus, Gérard [> > > >]
Brumioul, D. [> > > >]
Mathy-Hartert, M. [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences de la santé publique > Immunohématologie - Transfusion >]
Sondag, Danièle mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences cliniques > Département des sciences cliniques >]
Deby, C. [ > > ]
Lamy, Maurice mailto [ > > ]
Mediators of Inflammation
Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] alpha2-macroglobulin ; Hypochlorus acid ; Myeloperoxidase
[fr] Neutrophil ; Oxygen species ; Trypsin
[en] The proteolytic activity of trypsin releases the dye Remazol Brilliant Blue from its high molecular weight substrate, the skin powder (Hide Powder Azure, Sigma), with an increase in absorbance at 595 nm. Active alpha(2)- macroglobulin (80 mug/ml) totally inhibits the proteolytic activity of trypsin (14 mug/ml) by trapping this protease. But after a 20 min incubation of alpha(2)-macroglobulin at 37 degrees C with 2 x 10(6) human polymorphonuclear leukocytes activated by N-formyl-L-methionyl-L-leucyl-L-phenylalanine (10(-7) M) and cytochalasin B (10(-8) M), 100% of trypsin activity was recovered, indicating a total inactivation of alpha(2)-macroglobuHn. Incubation with granulocyte myeloperoxidase also inactivates alpha(2)-macroglobulin. Hypochlorous acid, a by-product of myeloperoxidase activity, at a concentration of 10(-7) M also inactivates alpha(2)-macroglobulin, which indicates that an important cause of alpha(2)-macroglobulin inactivation by activated polymorphonuclear leukocytes could be the activity of myeloperoxidase.

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