Reference : Effects of androgens and oestrogens on the behaviour of chicks in an imprinting situation.
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Zoology
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Neurosciences & behavior
Effects of androgens and oestrogens on the behaviour of chicks in an imprinting situation.
Balthazart, Jacques mailto [> > > >]
de Rycker, C. [ > > ]
Zeitschrift für Tierpsychologie
Verlag Paul Parey
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] Age Factors ; Androgens/pharmacology ; Animals ; Behavior, Animal/drug effects ; Chickens ; Dihydrotestosterone/pharmacology ; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug ; Estradiol/pharmacology ; Estrogens/pharmacology ; Female ; Imprinting (Psychology)/drug effects ; Male ; Sex Factors ; Testosterone/pharmacology ; Vocalization, Animal/drug effects
[en] The behavioural effects of testosterone propionate (TP), 5alpha-dihydrotestosterone (DHT) and oestradiol benzoate (OB) were investigated in day-old chicks during imprinting sessions to a duck model. TP increased the duration of peeping while inhibiting the following reaction and the twitters. DHT had more or less the same effects while OB induces the reverse behavioural changes. The behavioural effects of hormone injections agree with behavioural sex differences observed in non-injected animals: males peep more than females which on the other hand produce more twitters. This could be related to sex differences in the hormonal status of the birds at hatching, as it is known that during incubation male chick embryos have higher plasma testosterone levels than females of corresponding ages.

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