Reference : Using 1984 in social reasoning
Scientific congresses and symposiums : Unpublished conference/Abstract
Law, criminology & political science : Political science, public administration & international relations
Using 1984 in social reasoning
Jacquemain, Marc mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Institut des sciences humaines et sociales > Sociologie des identités contemporaines >]
General conference of European Consortium for Political Research
March 2003
European Consortium for Political Research
[en] Orwell ; Conspiracy theory ; sociology ; ideology ; epistemology
[en] The book "1984" from George Orwell is the locus classicus for what can be called "dystopia" : a dark vision of a possible future. The paper argues first that some charateristics of the Oceanian society of Orwell make it rather unsuited to represent a plausible future for today's societies. Then, the paper goes on proposing that the continuous success of the book may lie on a misunderstanding : people probably appreciate its particular "conspiracist" stance. The paper concludes proposing that if it is so difficult for sociology to discard straightforwadly conspiracy theories, it is probably because main epistemological efforts within recent sociology have converge to reintroduce intentionality within explanation and that the core of conspiracy theory is precisely an overestimation of intentionality in the explanation of the world.
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