Reference : Tumour Hypoxia Affects the Responsiveness of Cancer Cells to Chemotherapy and Promote...
Scientific journals : Article
Human health sciences : Oncology
Tumour Hypoxia Affects the Responsiveness of Cancer Cells to Chemotherapy and Promotes Cancer Progression
Cosse, Jean-Philippe mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > > GIGA-R : Epigénétique Cellulaire et Moléculaire >]
Michiels, Carine [ > > ]
Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
Bentham Science Publishers Ltd.
Yes (verified by ORBi)
The Netherlands
[en] Hypoxia ; Tumor ; Chemotherapy
[en] A solid tumour forms an organ-like structure that is comprised of cancer cells as well as stroma cells (fibroblasts, inflammatory
cells) that are embedded in an extracellular matrix and are nourished by vascular network. However, tumoral microenvironment is
heterogeneous due to the abnormal vasculature network and high proliferation rate of cancer cells. Because of these features, some regions
are starved from oxygen, a phenomenon called hypoxia. Transient hypoxia is associated with inadequate blood flow while chronic
hypoxia is the consequence of the increased oxygen diffusion distance due to tumour expansion. Both types of hypoxia are correlated
with poor outcome for patients. Moreover, hypoxia also enhances chemoresistance of cancer cells. Firstly, the delivery of drugs in hypoxic
area and cellular uptake of it are affected by hypoxia or associated acidity. Secondly, some chemotherapeutic drugs require oxygen
to generate free radicals that contribute to cytotoxicity. Last, hypoxia induces cellular adaptations that compromise the effectiveness of
chemotherapy. In response to nutrient deprivation due to hypoxia, the rate of proliferation of cancer cells decreases but chemotherapeutic
drugs are more effective against proliferating cells. On the other hand, hypoxia induces adaptation by post-translational and transcriptional
changes that promote cell survival and resistance to chemotherapy. Through these changes, hypoxia promotes angiogenesis, shift to
glycolytic metabolism, expression of ABC transporters, cell survival by inducing the expression of genes encoding growth factors and the
modulation of apoptotic process. The aim of this review is to provide a description of known hypoxia-induced mechanisms of chemoresistance
at a cellular level.
Unité de Recherche en Biologie Cellulaire
Facultés Universitaires Notre-Dame de La Paix

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