Reference : Modular changes of cis-regulatory elements from two functional Pit1 genes in the dupl...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Biochemistry, biophysics & molecular biology
Modular changes of cis-regulatory elements from two functional Pit1 genes in the duplicated genome of Cyprinus carpio.
Kausel, G. [> > > >]
Salazar, M. [> > > >]
Castro, L. [> > > >]
Vera, T. [> > > >]
Romero, A. [> > > >]
Muller, Marc mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences de la vie > GIGA-R : Biologie et génétique moléculaire >]
Figueroa, J. [> > > >]
Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Wiley Liss, Inc.
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] Animals ; Base Sequence ; Carps/genetics ; Gene Duplication ; Gene Expression Regulation ; Genome ; Male ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Pituitary Gland/cytology/physiology ; Promoter Regions, Genetic ; Regulatory Elements, Transcriptional ; Seasons ; Sequence Alignment ; Transcription Factor Pit-1/genetics/metabolism
[en] The pituitary-specific transcription factor Pit1 is involved in its own regulation and in a network of transcriptional regulation of hypothalamo-hypophyseal factors including prolactin (PRL) and growth hormone (GH). In the ectotherm teleost Cyprinus carpio, Pit1 plays an important role in regulation of the adaptive response to seasonal environmental changes. Two Pit1 genes exist in carp, a tetraploid vertebrate and transcripts of both genes were detected by RT-PCR analysis. Powerful comparative analyses of the 5'-flanking regions revealed copy specific changes comprising modular functional units in the naturally evolved promoters. These include the precise replacement of four nucleotides around the transcription start site embedded in completely conserved regions extending upstream of the TATA-box, an additional transcription factor binding site in the 5'-UTR of gene-I and, instead, duplication of a 9 bp element in gene-II. Binding of nuclear factors was assessed by electro mobility shift assays using extracts from rat pituitary cells and carp pituitary. Binding was confirmed at one conserved Pit1, one conserved CREB and one consensus MTF1. Interestingly, two functional Pit1 sites and one putative MTF1 binding site are unique to the Pit1 gene-I. In situ hybridization experiments revealed that the expression of gene-I in winter carp was significantly stronger than that of gene-II. Our data suggest that the specific control elements identified in the proximal regulatory region are physiologically relevant for the function of the duplicated Pit1 genes in carp and highlight modular changes in the architecture of two Pit1 genes that evolved for at least 12 MYA in the same organism.
Applied and Fundamental FISH Research Center - AFFISH-RC ; Giga-Development and Stem Cells
Researchers ; Professionals
2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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