Reference : A Soil Mechanical Resistance Sensor For On-Line Application In Precision Agriculture:...
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A Soil Mechanical Resistance Sensor For On-Line Application In Precision Agriculture: Soil Strength Mapping And Correlation With Soil Physical Properties
Sirjacobs, Damien mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences de la vie > Algologie, mycologie et systématique expérimentale >]
Destain, Marie-France mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > > Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech >]
Proceedings of the 15th Conference of the International Soil Research Organization (I.S.T.R.O.)
15th Conference of the International Soil Research Organization (I.S.T.R.O.)
2-7 July, 2000
International Soil Tillage Research Organization
[en] Soil mechanical resistance ; precision agriculture ; on-line measurement ; mapping
[en] Knowledge of local soil strength variation may permit variation of tillage parameters to produce a more optimal soil structure for root growth and plant development. Soil strength mapping can provide another layer of information in precision agriculture. The aim of this research is to develop a sensor able to measure on-line the local soil strength variations. This sensor is designed as follows: a thin blade penetrates the soil to a specific depth while the machine is moving, a beam transfers the soil-blade forces to a transducer fixed on the machine. The transducer measures then the horizontal and vertical forces and the moment. This paper describes a field experiment performed in a 2 ha field of silt soil (Hesbaye, Belgium). The first objective of this research is to establish a map of soil strength variability of the field. For this purpose, the sensor is pulled through the soil in parallel traverses at 5 m separation by a tractor equiped with a DGPS receiver. The second objective of the experiment is to study relation between measured forces and several measured soil physical parameters. Ten homogeneous plots where identified on the sensor track in order to cover as completely as possible the diversity of soil physical conditions encountered. On the median line of each of those plots, 10 Cone Index penetrometry profiles were measured with a mobile automated penetrometer recorder, soil water content was measured in 5 points, ans soil samples were taken in the center of the plot to determine the following parameters: cohesion and internal friction angle, simple compression resistance, Atterberg's limits, granulometry and pF curves. This experiment allowed the first identification of different soil strength areas in the field investigated.
Gembloux Agro Bio Tech
Ministère de l'agriculture - Belgium
Agriculture de Précision
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students

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