Reference : New findings on the prototypical Of?p stars
Scientific journals : Article
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Space science, astronomy & astrophysics
New findings on the prototypical Of?p stars
Nazé, Yaël mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Astrophysique observationnelle (sol et espace) >]
Ud-Doula, Asif [Penn State Worthington Scranton, 120 Ridge View Drive, Dunmore, PA 18512, USA]
Spano, Maxime [Observatoire de Genève, Université de Genève, 51 Chemin des Maillettes, 1290 Sauverny, Switzerland]
Rauw, Grégor mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Sciences spatiales >]
De Becker, Michaël mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) >]
Walborn, Nolan R. [Space Telescope Science Institute (Operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under NASA contract NAS5-26555.) , 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA]
Astronomy and Astrophysics
EDP Sciences
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] X-rays: stars ; stars: individual: HD 108 ; stars: individual: HD 148937 ; stars: individual: HD 191612 ; stars: emission-line ; Be
[en] <BR /> Aims: In recent years several in-depth investigations of the three prototypical Of?p stars were undertaken. These multiwavelength studies revealed the peculiar properties of these objects (in the X-rays as well as in the optical): magnetic fields, periodic line profile variations, recurrent photometric changes. However, many questions remain unsolved. <BR /> Methods: To clarify some of the properties of the Of?p stars, we have continued their monitoring. A new xmm-Newton observation and two new optical datasets were obtained. <BR /> Results: Additional information about the prototypical Of?p trio has been found. HD 108 has now reached its quiescent, minimum-emission state for the first time in 50-60 yr. The échelle spectra of HD 148937 confirm the presence of the 7d variations in the Balmer lines and reveal similar periodic variations (though of lower amplitudes) in the He i λ 5876 and He ii λ 4686 lines, underlining its similarities with the other two prototypical Of?p stars. The new xmm-Newton observation of HD 191612 was taken at the same phase in the line modulation cycle, but at a different orbital phase from previous data. It clearly shows that the X-ray emission of HD 191612 is modulated by the 538d period and not by the orbital period of 1542d - it is thus not of colliding-wind origin. The phenomenon responsible for the optical changes appears also at work in the high-energy domain. There are problems however: our MHD simulations of the wind magnetic confinement predict both a harder X-ray flux of a much larger strength than what is observed (the modelled differential emission measure peaks at 30-40 MK, whereas the observed one peaks at 2 MK) and narrow lines (hot gas moving with velocities of 100-200 km s[SUP]-1[/SUP], whereas the observed full width at half maximum is ~2000 km s[SUP]-1[/SUP]). Based on observations collected at the Haute-Provence Observatory, at the La Silla and San Pedro Mártir Observatories, and with XMM-Newton, an ESA Science Mission with instruments and contributions directly funded by ESA Member States and the USA (NASA).

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