Reference : Role of changes in the L3 loop of the active site in the evolution of enzymatic activ...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Biochemistry, biophysics & molecular biology
Role of changes in the L3 loop of the active site in the evolution of enzymatic activity of VIM-type metallo-beta-lactamases.
Merino, Maria [> > > >]
Perez-Llarena, Francisco J [> > > >]
Kerff, Frédéric mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > > Centre d'ingénierie des protéines >]
Poza, Margarita [> > > >]
Mallo, Susana [> > > >]
Rumbo-Feal, Soraya [> > > >]
Beceiro, Alejandro [> > > >]
Juan, Carlos [> > > >]
Oliver, Antonio [> > > >]
Bou, German [> > > >]
Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Oxford University Press
Yes (verified by ORBi)
United Kingdom
[en] OBJECTIVES: The new metallo-beta-lactamase VIM-13 has been recently characterized. In comparison with the VIM-1 enzyme, VIM-13 showed 19 amino acid differences, 2 of which were located in the active site centre. The main objective of the present study was to assess whether differences between VIM-1 and VIM-13 beta-lactamases in the active site, at His224Leu and Ser228Arg, are necessary and sufficient to explain the microbiological and biochemical differences between the two enzymes. METHODS: Single mutants VIM-13 (Leu224His) and VIM-13 (Arg228Ser) and double mutant VIM-13 (Leu224His, Arg228Ser) were created by site-directed mutagenesis with the bla(VIM-13) gene as template. VIM-1, VIM-13 and VIM-13 (Leu224His, Arg228Ser) were purified by affinity chromatography, and kinetic parameters for these enzymes were obtained with ceftazidime, cefepime and ampicillin. RESULTS: Ceftazidime and cefepime MICs (mg/L) for Escherichia coli TG1 expressing VIM-1, VIM-13, VIM-13 (Leu224His), VIM-13 (Arg228Ser) and VIM-13 (Leu224His, Arg228Ser) were >256 and 64, 6 and 4, 8 and 1, >256 and 8, and >256 and 48, respectively. VIM-1, VIM-13 and VIM-13 (Leu224His, Arg228Ser) revealed k(cat)/K(m) values (M(-1)s(-1)) for ceftazidime of 3.7 E(4), 1.9 E(4) and 10 E(4), respectively, and revealed k(cat)/K(m) values for cefepime of 3.5 E(5), 3 E(4) and 1.5 E(5), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, the results showed that the two residues located in the L3 loop are sufficient to confer the substrate specificity of each enzyme, thus highlighting the importance of the L3 loop of the active site in the evolution of VIM-type metallo-beta-lactamases.
Centre d'Ingénierie des Protéines - CIP

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