Reference : Medical Treatment in Cushing’s Syndrome : Dopamine Agonists and Cabergoline
Scientific journals : Article
Human health sciences : Endocrinology, metabolism & nutrition
Medical Treatment in Cushing’s Syndrome : Dopamine Agonists and Cabergoline
Petrossians, Patrick [Université de Liège - ULiège > > Endocrinologie clinique >]
Thonnard, Anne-Sophie [Université de Liège - ULiège > > > 4e doct. médecine]
Beckers, Albert mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences cliniques > Endocrinologie >]
(supp. 1)
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] Dopamine agonists ; Cabergoline ; Cushing’s disease ; Adrenocorticotropic hormone ; Cortisol ; Adenoma ; Ectopic
[en] Dopamine (DA) is a catecholamine with a wide range of functions and whose five subtype receptors are found in different organs where they exert a mainly inhibitory action. Since this action may also appear in a number of secretory tumors in various locations, DA agonists have elicited some interest as a medical treatment for hypercorticism. Non-iatrogenic Cushing’s syndromes are due in 70% of the cases to a pituitary adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) producing adenoma, and, less frequently, to an adrenal adenoma or an ectopic ACTH secretion by a neuroendocrine tumor. First-line treatment in Cushing’s syndrome consists of the surgical removal of the secreting tumor. However, surgery may not achieve a complete cure in a number of cases, hence emphasizing the potential benefit of a medical complementary treatment, which could also benefit patients as an alternative approach, either when waiting for, or when the patient is not eligible for surgery. Studies of corticotropic adenomas have shown that 80% of these tumors express D2 receptors. Clinical trials of DA agonists in Cushing’s disease have shown an inhibitory effect of these drugs with an inhibition of ACTH secretion and/or a decrease of tumor size. There are only a few cases of documented use of DA agonists in ectopic ACTH secretion, but when the tumor expresses DA receptors, DA agonists may represent a useful complementary treatment. DA receptors are also expressed in normal and tumoral adrenals, suggesting a potential use of DA agonists in Cushing’s
syndrome secondary to adrenal tumors. However, clinical data regarding this specific situation are very scarce, maybe due to the relatively high rate of surgical cure of adrenal adenomas. In conclusion, DA agonists represent a potential preparatory or complementary treatment for endogenous Cushing’s syndrome, especially in Cushing’s disease. These compounds may be underused as suggested by the scarce number of publication and case reports in the literature. In the future, association of these drugs with somatostatin analogs may also prove beneficial.
Researchers ; Professionals

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