Reference : Discussion on the risk of surgery in patients with cirrhosis
Scientific journals : Article
Human health sciences : Gastroenterology & hepatology
Discussion on the risk of surgery in patients with cirrhosis
Colle, I. [> > > >]
Orlent, H. [> > > >]
Delwaide, Jean mailto [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Gastro-Entérologie-Hépatologie >]
Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica
Acta Medica Belgica
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] cirrhosis ; surgery ; hepatocellular carcinoma ; liver failure ; intensive care
[en] Several reasons result in the finding that patients with cirrhosis need surgery more often than other patients groups. Patients with cirrhosis frequently have comorbidities resulting in gastrointestinal, lung or cervical cancer, among others. Independent of cirrhosis,
surgical resection may be the best alternative for a number of those malignancies. Comorbidities may also result in an increased incidence of vascular complications (such as lower extremity atherosclerosis and coronary stenosis) sorne of them being potential indications for surgery, Patients with alcohofic cirrhosis are more frequently subjected to trauma and bone fractures. Ascites leads to umbilical hernia which can be strangulated or ruptured. Emergency surgery may be needed in this context. Finally, a significant proportion of patients with cirrhosis develop hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) during the course of the disease. Surgical resection remains a first line option for HCC. While reliable guidefines have been proposed for surgical resection of HCC and liver transplantation, no precise guidelines are available for other aspects of surgical management during cirrhosis. Specific surgical procedures such as hepatectomy and transplantation are concentrated in highly speciafised centres, where detailed evaluation is
relatively easy to obtain. In contrast, more general surgical procedures, either abdominal or non abdominal, are performed in various centres, making it more difficult to obtain detailed evaluation
and draw recommendations. General surveys are still needed to precisely assess the risk of non-specifie surgery in patients with cirrhosis, to identify risk factors and to propose reliable guidelines.
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