Reference : Feasibility of a genetic evaluation for milk fatty acids in dairy cattle
Scientific congresses and symposiums : Paper published in a journal
Life sciences : Food science
Life sciences : Animal production & animal husbandry
Life sciences : Genetics & genetic processes
Feasibility of a genetic evaluation for milk fatty acids in dairy cattle
[en] Faisabilité d'une sélection génétique pour les acides gras du lait en Région Wallonne
Soyeurt, Hélène [Université de Liège - ULiège > Agronomie, Bio-ingénierie et Chimie (AgroBioChem) > Modélisation et développement >]
Arnould, Valérie [Université de Liège - ULiège > Agronomie, Bio-ingénierie et Chimie (AgroBioChem) > Ingénierie des productions animales et nutrition >]
Vanderick, Sylvie [Université de Liège - ULiège > Sciences agronomiques > Zootechnie >]
Gengler, Nicolas mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Sciences agronomiques > Zootechnie >]
Journal of Dairy Science
American Dairy Science Association
E-Suppl. 2/ E-Suppl. 1/ E-Suppl. 1
J. Anim. Sci./J. Dairy Sci./Poult. Sci.
Yes (verified by ORBi)
2010 ADSA-PSA-AMPA-CSAS-ASAS Joint Annual Meeting
11 - 15 July 2010
American Dairy Science Association
[en] fatty acid ; milk ; genetic
[fr] acide gras ; lait ; génétique
[en] Recent development of equations based on mid-infrared (MIR) spectrometry for the prediction of milk fatty acid (FA) contents allows their measurement on a large scale during performance recording. The objective was to show that a genetic evaluation for milk FA in dairy cattle is feasible in the Walloon region of Belgium and to report first results. Estimated breeding values (EBV) and associated reliabilities (REL) were computed using a multi-trait test-day animal model similar to the one used for the routine genetic evaluation for yield traits. Studied traits were first lactation test-day milk, fat and protein yields, fat (FAT) and protein contents, and content of saturated fatty acids in milk (g/100g of milk, SAT). More than 6,700,000 records were available for common production and content traits and 194,000 records were used for SAT. Used variance components were estimated using REML. The average SAT content was 2.79% with a standard deviation (SD) of 0.50%. A total of 1,707 Holstein bulls used in Walloon Region had REL superior to 0.49 for all studied traits. REL for SAT ranged from 0.53 to 0.99. A total of 1,217 bulls had REL superior to 0.74. SD of EBV for SAT was 0.20%. The maximum and minimum SAT EBV values were 0.89% and -0.69%, respectively. In order to have a direct measure of the part of FAT that is not due to SAT, a new trait (dSAT) was post-evaluated and defined as difference between expected SAT EBV for a given FAT EBV and the estimated EBV for SAT. This new trait can be assumed to be a direct predictor of the content of unsaturated fatty acids in fat. The interest is that this trait cannot be accurately predicted directly by MIR. The maximum and minimum EBV for dSAT for the 1,707 bulls were -0.28% and 0.24%, respectively. Based on these results, a genetic evaluation for milk fatty acids is feasible. In the bull population used recently, a genetic variability for dSAT exists and could be used to improve the milk fat composition.
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