Reference : Rencontre entre memoire et controle chez des jeunes et des aines : la naissance d'une...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Theoretical & cognitive psychology
Rencontre entre memoire et controle chez des jeunes et des aines : la naissance d'une plainte ?
[en] Memory controlled processes between the young and old: the birth of cognitive complaint?
Guerdoux, Estelle [> > > >]
Martin, Sophie [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > HOSPITALISATION - UNITE METABOLIQUE (SN +5B) >]
Dressaire, Deborah [> > > >]
Adam, Stéphane mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de personne et société > Psychologie de la sénescence >]
Brouillet, Denis [> > > >]
Canadian Journal on Aging
University of Toronto Press
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] Adolescent ; Adult ; Aged ; Aged, 80 and over ; Awareness ; Cognition Disorders/diagnosis/psychology ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Memory Disorders/diagnosis/psychology ; Mental Recall ; Neuropsychological Tests ; Young Adult
[en] The aim of this study is to explore cognitive complaint by investigating the influence of memory controlled processes (recollection) and metacognitive beliefs. Several methodological precautions were taken in order to control neuropsychological and psychopathological criteria, like anxiety, depression or objective memory trouble. The "habit paradigm" (Hay & Jacoby, 1999) was used to create a "memory slips" task, and to estimate the contributions of recollection and habit to performance. Besides, participants were asked to complete questionnaires in order to assess cognitive complaint (CDS) and metacognitive beliefs (MCQ). Results showed that neither cognitive complaint nor metacognitive beliefs differed significantly between young and older persons. However, statistical analysis did show cognitive dissociations in function of cognitive complaint. Finally, depressive affects, memory controlled processes and metacognitive beliefs about the controllability of thoughts appeared as good predictors of memory complaint. In spite of our study limitations, we discuss our results in terms of clinical implications.
Researchers ; Students

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