Reference : Pulmonary function testing in calves : technical data
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Veterinary medicine & animal health
Pulmonary function testing in calves : technical data
Lekeux, Pierre mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Faculté de Médecine vétérinaire > > >]
Hajer, R. [> >]
Breukink, H.J. [> >]
American Journal of Veterinary Research
American Veterinary Medical Association
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] Measurements of airflow (V), tidal volume (Vt), and intrapleural pressure (Ppl) were tested for accuracy in 5 healthy Dutch Friesian calves with an average body weight of 153 kg. A face mask was constructed, using fiberglass and polyester, taking into account the typical facial morphology of the calf. It was tested for airtightness, dead space, laminarity of the expiratory V, and absence of saliva into the pneumotachograph. Three different systems for measuring Ppl (pleura puncturing, esophageal balloon catheter, and esophageal saline solution-filled catheter) were tested in vitro, in a Woulfe's flask, and in vivo, in the 5 calves previously described. Moreover, Ppl measured at 3 different puncture sites of the thorax and at 3 different thoracic positions of the esophagus were compared. The frequency-response was flat to 5 Hz for the intrapleural needle and the balloon catheter, but not for the saline solution-filled catheter. The pulmonary function values obtained by puncture of the pleura at the right 9th intercostal space on a line running from the tuber coxae to the shoulder joint and by the esophageal balloon catheter, the balloon being positioned between the crossing point with the aorta and the 2 largest caudal mediastinal lymph nodes, did not differ significantly. The Ppl changes during normal breathing were greatest in the ventral site of the thorax and in the caudal thoracic portion of the esophagus, less in the dorsal site of the thorax and the middle thoracic portion of the esophagus, and least in the cranial site of the thorax and the cranial thoracic portion of the esophagus. When the balloon was positioned between the crossing point with the aorta and the 2 largest caudal mesiastinal lymph nodes, Ppl recordings showed a twice smaller variability than with the 2 other esophageal positions.
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