Reference : Characterization Of Functional Residues In The Interfacial Recognition Domain Of Leci...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Biochemistry, biophysics & molecular biology
Characterization Of Functional Residues In The Interfacial Recognition Domain Of Lecithin Cholesterol Acyltransferase (Lcat)
Peelman, F. [> > > >]
Vanloo, B. [> > > >]
Perez-Mendez, O. [> > > >]
Decout, A. [> > > >]
Verschelde, Jl. [> > > >]
Labeur, C. [> > > >]
Vinaimont, N. [> > > >]
Verhee, A. [> > > >]
Duverger, N. [> > > >]
Brasseur, Robert mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > > Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech >]
Vandekerckhove, J. [> > > >]
Tavernier, J. [> > > >]
Rosseneu, M. [> > > >]
Protein Engineering
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[en] Lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) is an interfacial enzyme active on
both high-density (HDL) and low-density lipoproteins (LDL). Threading alignments
of LCAT with lipases suggest that residues 50-74 form an interfacial recognition
site and this hypothesis was tested by site-directed mutagenesis. The
(delta56-68) deletion mutant had no activity on any substrate. Substitution of
W61 with F, Y, L or G suggested that an aromatic residue is required for full
enzymatic activity. The activity of the W61F and W61Y mutants was retained on HDL
but decreased on LDL, possibly owing to impaired accessibility to the LDL lipid
substrate. The decreased activity of the single R52A and K53A mutants on HDL and
LDL and the severer effect of the double mutation suggested that these conserved
residues contribute to the folding of the LCAT lid. The membrane-destabilizing
properties of the LCAT 56-68 helical segment were demonstrated using the
corresponding synthetic peptide. An M65N-N66M substitution decreased both the
fusogenic properties of the peptide and the activity of the mutant enzyme on all
substrates. These results suggest that the putative interfacial recognition
domain of LCAT plays an important role in regulating the interaction of the
enzyme with its organized lipoprotein substrates.
Researchers ; Professionals

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