Reference : Are ACE-inhibitors or ARB's still needed for cardiovascular prevention in high risk p...
Scientific journals : Article
Human health sciences : Multidisciplinary, general & others
Human health sciences : Urology & nephrology
Are ACE-inhibitors or ARB's still needed for cardiovascular prevention in high risk patients? Insights from PRoFESS and TRANSCEND
Van Mieghem, W. mailto [Ziekenhuis Oost-Limburg, Genk > Cardiology > > >]
Billiouw, J.-M. [Onze-Lieve-Vrouw Ziekenhuis, Aalst > Nephrology > > >]
Brohet, C. [Cliniques Universitaires Saint-Luc (Bruxelles) > Cardiologie > > >]
Dupont, A. G. [Universitair Ziekenhuis Brussel, Brussel > Clinical Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapy > > >]
Gazagnes, M.-D. [Centre Hospitalier Jolimont-Lobbes, Haine-St-Paul, Belgique > Médecine interne > > >]
Heller, F. [Centre Hospitalier Jolimont-Lobbes, Haine-St-Paul, Belgique > Médecine interne > > >]
Krzesinski, Jean-Marie mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences cliniques > Néphrologie >]
Missault, L. [Algemeen Ziekenhuis St-Jan, Brugge, Belgique > Cardiologie > > >]
Persu, A. [Cliniques Universitaires Saint-Luc (Bruxelles) > Cardiologie > > >]
Pierard, Luc mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences cliniques > Cardiologie - Pathologie spéciale et réhabilitation >]
Rottiers, R. [Universitair Ziekenhuis Gent - UZ > Endocrinology > > >]
Vanhooren, G. [Algemeen Ziekenhuis St-Jan, Brugge, Belgique > Neurology > > >]
Vervaet, P. [Boehringer-Ingelheim, Brussels, Belgique > Medical Department > > >]
Herman, A. G. [Universiteit Van Antwerpen, Antwerpen, Belgique > Division of Pharmacology > > >]
Acta Clinica Belgica
Acta Clinica Belgica
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] ACE-inhibitor ; ARB ; cardiovascular prevention ; telmisaran ; TRANSCEND ; PRoFESS
[en] The HOPE and EUROPA clinical studies have shown that treatment with the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, ramipril and perindopril, may reduce the occurence of major cardiovascular events in patients with proven atherosclerotic disease. The recently published results of the PRoFESS and TRANSCEND trials completed the much needed information concerning the use of an angiotensin receptor blocker for patients at high risk of cardiovascular events. PRoFESS compared a therapy of telmisartan 80 mg daily with placebo in patients with a recent ischemic stroke. The difference in the primary outcome of first recurrent stroke was not statistically significant between telmisartan and placebo. The secondary outcome of major cardiovascular events showed a relative risk reduction (RRR) of 7% in favour of telmsartan. This tended to be significant (p=0.06) despite a rather short follow-up period of only 28 months. In TRANSCEND 5,926 patients at high risk for cardiovascular events were randomized to a treatment with telmisartan 80 mg daily or placebo for a mean duration of follow-up of 56 months. The primary composite outcome of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, stroke or hospitalization for heart failure showed a non-significant 8% RRR in favour of the telmisartan treated patients. The main secondary outcome of cardiovascular death and myocardial infarction or stroke as used in the HOPE trial showed a non-significant RRR of 13% in favour of telmisartan treated patients (p=0,068 adjusted for multiplicity of comparisons). In comparing the Kaplan-Meier curves for the endpoint of major cardiovascular events used in HOPE, EUROPA, TRANSCEND and PRoFESS, the trends are similar. Results of most of th recently published trials have been neutral. This could partly be explained by major improvements in the optimal background therapy of the patients included. Nevertheless, the results of PRoFESS and TRANSCEND do not contradict the results from previous studies with the ACE inhibitors ramipril and perindopril and the ARB telmisartan.

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