Reference : Training early Alzheimer patients to use a mobile phone
Scientific journals : Article
Human health sciences : Neurology
Training early Alzheimer patients to use a mobile phone
Lekeu, Françoise [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Neurologie Sart Tilman >]
Wojtasik, Vinciane [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Neurologie Sart Tilman >]
Van der Linden, Martial [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences cognitives > Psychopathologie cognitive >]
Salmon, Eric mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Centre de Recherches du Cyclotron - Département des sciences cliniques > Neuroimagerie des troubles de la mémoire et révalid. cogn. > > >]
Acta Neurologica Belgica
Acta Medica Belgica
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] cognitive rehabilitation ; Alzheimer's disease ; spaced-retrieval ; errorless learning ; daily living activities
[en] The mobile phone may be useful to keep in contact with spatially disoriented and memory impaired patients. In keeping with this idea, this study describes the training program developed to teach two patients with mild Alzheimer's disease (CI and ML) how to use their own mobile phone. Each training session was divided into two parts. In the first part, the spaced-retrieval technique was used to promote the consultation of a card pasted on the back of the phone. The card detailed each stage of phone utilization and which keys had to be pressed to call somebody. In the second part, the patients received repetitive exercises of calling based upon the errorless learning principle. At the end of three-months rehabilitation, the results showed different learning patterns for the patients. ML needed more spaced-retrieval sessions to spontaneously consult the card and to correctly use the phone, compared to CI However, by the repetition of calling exercises, both patients showed a decrease of instruction card consultation, whereas they were still able to correctly call somebody. This learning ability is hypothesized to be a consequence of a relatively preserved procedural memory in both patients. In conclusion, this study highlights the effectiveness of combined specific learning techniques for improving AD patient's autonomy in daily life activities.

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