Reference : Infectious agents associated with epizootic rabbit enteropathy: Isolation and attempt...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Veterinary medicine & animal health
Infectious agents associated with epizootic rabbit enteropathy: Isolation and attempts to reproduce the syndrome
Marlier, Didier mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > > Médecine des oiseaux, des lagomorphes et des rongeurs >]
Dewrée, Roxane [> > > >]
Lassence, Cédric mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences de la vie > Département des sciences de la vie >]
Licois, Dominique [Institut national de la recherche agronomique - INRA (Nouzilly, France)]
Mainil, Jacques mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des maladies infectieuses et parasitaires > Bactériologie et pathologie des maladies bactériennes >]
Coudert, Pierre [Institut national de la recherche agronomique - INRA (Nouzilly, France)]
Meulemans, L. [> > > >]
Ducatelle, R. [> > > >]
Vindevogel, Henri mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Services généraux (Faculté de médecine vétérinaire) > Relations académiques et scientifiques (Méd. vétérinaire) >]
Veterinary Journal
Bailliere Tindall
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] epizootic rabbit enteropathy ; Oryctolagus cuniculus ; aetiology ; Clostridium perfringens ; inoculation
[en] Epizootic rabbit enteropathy (ERE), a highly lethal (30-80% mortality) disease of broiler rabbits aged 6-14 weeks, first appeared in 1997 in French intensive enclosed rabbitries and is of unknown aetiology. Bacteriological, virological and parasitical examination of the intestinal contents of rabbits that had died either in spontaneous field cases or after experimental reproduction of ERE, were undertaken in an attempt to identify infectious agents that may play a role in the disease. Two bacterial strains, Clostridium perfringens and non-enteropathogenic Escherichia coli, were repeatedly isolated at high faecal counts from naturally infected animals. In field cases, a correlation between typical gross lesions of epizootic enteropathy and the presence of the alpha toxin of Cl. perfringens was observed (P < 0.0001; Chi-squared test). Although attempts to reproduce the disease by inoculation with different pools of cultivable bacterial strains failed, the disease was successfully reproduced by inoculation with one French and two Belgian samples of caecal contents. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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