Article (Scientific journals)
Perineal herpes simplex infection in bedridden geriatric patients.
Nikkels, Arjen; Pierard, Gérald
2007In American Journal of Clinical Dermatology, 8 (2), p. 79-83
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Keywords :
Acyclovir/therapeutic use; Aged, 80 and over; Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use; Bed Rest; Buttocks; Female; Herpes Simplex/diagnosis/drug therapy; Herpesvirus 1, Human/isolation & purification; Herpesvirus 2, Human/isolation & purification; Hospitalization; Humans; Immunohistochemistry; Male; Skin Ulcer/drug therapy/virology
Abstract :
[en] BACKGROUND: Herpes simplex virus (HSV) lesions are prone to reactivation and recurrence in response to various local or systemic triggering factors. OBJECTIVE: To study the characteristics of five bedridden geriatric patients who presented with herpetic recurrences on the buttocks, gluteal cleft, and perianal region during hospitalization. METHODS: Data were gathered regarding age, gender, reason for hospitalization, localization of lesions, clinical presentation, previous clinical diagnosis and topical treatments, immune status and immunosuppressant drug intake, as well as prior history of labial or genital herpes. A skin biopsy was taken for histologic examination and immunohistochemical viral identification. Viral culture and viral serology were performed and data regarding antiviral therapy were recorded. RESULTS: The five patients (three women, two men) were aged >80 years and hospitalized for either severe drug-induced renal insufficiency (one case), severe pneumonia (two cases), or stroke causing restricted mobility (two cases). Numerous well demarcated, painful ulcerations developed in the perianal region of these patients, and one patient also presented with some vesicular lesions. The lesions had been confused with mycotic and/or bacterial infections for 10-14 days. No inguinal lymphadenopathies were present and there was no fever. None of the patients had a previous history of recurrent labial or genital HSV infections or HIV infection. Histology was suggestive of HSV infection in two of five patients. Immunohistochemistry identified HSV type I (three patients) and HSV type II (two patients) infections. Viral culture with immunofluorescence viral identification revealed HSV type I in one of the four patients in whom a swab for viral culture was taken. Serology revealed past HSV infection. All lesions cured gradually after 10-14 days of intravenous acyclovir (aciclovir) treatment. CONCLUSION: Herpetic lesions of the perineal region represent a rare complication in bedridden geriatric patients in the absence of a previous history of HSV infections at the same site. Common traits of patients with this condition were the presence of numerous ulcerated lesions, prolonged time course, and confinement to bed. The latter probably modifies the skin condition, which triggers viral reactivation and favors cutaneous extension of the infection. Complementary diagnostic methods for viral detection and identification are mandatory.
Disciplines :
Author, co-author :
Nikkels, Arjen ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > Dermatologie
Pierard, Gérald ;  Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > Dermatopathologie
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Title :
Perineal herpes simplex infection in bedridden geriatric patients.
Publication date :
Journal title :
American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
Publisher :
Adis International, Auckland, New Zealand
Volume :
Issue :
Pages :
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
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