Reference : Screening for Proteinuria and Chronic Kidney Disease Risk Factors in Kinshasa:A World...
Scientific journals : Article
Human health sciences : Urology & nephrology
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/4503
Screening for Proteinuria and Chronic Kidney Disease Risk Factors in Kinshasa:A World Kidney Day 2007 Study
English
Sumaili, Ernest K. mailto [University of Kinshasa- Democratic Republic of Congo > Nephrology Unit > > >]
Nseka, Nazaire M. [University of Kinshasa - Democratic Republic of Congo > Nephrology Unit > > >]
Lepira, François B. [University of Kinshasa - Democratic Republic of Congo > Nephrology Unit > > >]
Krzesinski, Jean-Marie mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences cliniques > Néphrologie >]
Makulo, Jean Robert R. [University of Kinshasa - Democratic Republic of Congo > Nephrology Unit > > >]
Bukabau, Justine B. [University of Kinshasa - Democratic Republic of Congo > Nephrology Unit > > >]
Nkoy, Josée B. [Saint Joseph Hospital of Kinshasa - Democratic Republic of Congo > > > >]
Mokoli, Vieux M. [University of Kinshasa - Democratic Republic of Congo > Nephrology Unit > > >]
Longokolo, Murielle M. [University of Kinshasa - Democratic Republic of Congo > Nephrology Unit > > >]
Owandjalola, Julie A. [University of Kinshasa - Democratic Republic of Congo > Nephrology Unit > > >]
Kayembe, Patrick K. [University of Kinshasa - Democratic Republic of Congo > School of Public Health > Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics Unit > >]
31-Oct-2008
Nephron. Clinical Practice
Karger
110
c220-c228
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
1660-2110
[en] Chronic Kidney Disease ; Diabetes Mellitus ; Developping countries ; Early detection
[en] Abstract
Background: Although screening programs for chronic kidney disease (CKD) may be of great value, these programs are not yet implemented in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
This study focused on proteinuria and examined its prevalence in terms of the number needed to screen for the different risk factors of CKD. Such knowledge would guide the utility of population screening to prevent end-stage renal disease. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Kinshasa on the Second World Kidney Day. A sample of 3,018 subjects was interviewed and the following measurements were performed: blood pressure, body mass index, glycemia and urine protein. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify determinants of proteinuria. Results: The prevalence of proteinuria was 17.1% (95% CI 15.8–18.6). Other CKD risk factors identified were: hypertension, diabetes mellitus, obesity and metabolic syndrome. To identify 1 case of proteinuria, one would need to screen 4 persons with dia-betes, 5 persons with hypertension, 4 subjects having metabolic syndrome, 5 persons aged 6 72 years and 9 persons without any of the conditions mentioned above. Age, overweight
and diabetes were the strongest factors associated with proteinuria. Conclusions: This study indicates that proteinuria and traditional risk factors for CKD are very prevalent in Kinshasa. Realistic policies to stem these conditions should be a public health priority.
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students ; General public ; Others
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/4503
10.1159/000167869

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