Reference : Photosynthesis and state transitions in mitochondrial mutants of Chlamydomonas reinha...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Phytobiology (plant sciences, forestry, mycology...)
Photosynthesis and state transitions in mitochondrial mutants of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii affected in respiration
Cardol, Pierre mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences de la vie > Biochimie végétale >]
Gloire, Geoffrey mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > > Virologie - Immunologie >]
Havaux, M. [> > > >]
Remacle, Claire mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences de la vie > Génétique >]
Matagne, René-Fernand mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Services généraux (Faculté des sciences) > Relations académiques et scientifiques (Sciences) >]
Franck, Fabrice mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences de la vie > Biochimie végétale >]
Plant Physiology
Amer Soc Plant Biologists
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] Photosynthetic activities were analyzed in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii mitochondrial mutants affected in different complexes (I, III, IV, I + III, and I + IV) of the respiratory chain. Oxygen evolution curves showed a positive relationship between the apparent yield of photosynthetic linear electron transport and the number of active proton-pumping sites in mitochondria. Although no significant alterations of the quantitative relationships between major photosynthetic complexes were found in the mutants, 77 K fluorescence spectra showed a preferential excitation of photosystem I (PSI) compared with wild type, which was indicative of a shift toward state 2. This effect was correlated with high levels of phosphorylation of light-harvesting complex II polypeptides, indicating the preferential association of light-harvesting complex II with PSI. The transition to state 1 occurred in untreated wild-type cells exposed to PSI light or in 3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea-treated cells exposed to white light. In mutants of the cytochrome pathway and in double mutants, this transition was only observed in white light in the presence of 3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea. This suggests higher rates of non-photochemical plastoquinone reduction through the chlororespiratory pathway, which was confirmed by measurements of the complementary area above the fluorescence induction curve in dark-adapted cells. Photo-acoustic measurements of energy storage by PSI showed a stimulation of PSI-driven cyclic electron flow in the most affected mutants. The present results demonstrate that in C. reinhardtii mutants, permanent defects in the mitochondrial electron transport chain stabilize state 2, which favors cyclic over linear electron transport in the chloroplast.

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